SIMBAD references

2022A&A...659A..47K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 659A, 47-47 (2022/3-1)

Tidally excited oscillations in MACHO 80.7443.1718: Changing amplitudes and frequencies, high-frequency tidally excited mode, and a decrease in the orbital period.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. Eccentric ellipsoidal variables (also known as heartbeat stars) is a class of eccentric binaries in which proximity effects, and tidal distortion due to time-dependent tidal potential in particular, lead to measurable photometric variability close to the periastron passage. Varying tidal potential may also give rise to tidally excited oscillations (TEOs), which are forced eigenmodes with frequencies close to the integer multiples of the orbital frequency. TEOs may play an important role in the dynamical evolution of massive eccentric systems. Aims. Our study is aimed at detecting TEOs and characterising the long-term behaviour of their amplitudes and frequencies in the extreme-amplitude heartbeat star MACHO 80.7443.1718, consisting of a blue supergiant and a late O-type massive dwarf. Methods. We used two seasons of Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) observations of the target to obtain new 30-min cadence photometry by means of the difference image analysis of TESS full-frame images. In order to extend the analysis to longer timescales, we supplemented the TESS data with 30-year long ground-based photometry of the target. Both TESS and ground-based photometry are carefully analysed by means of Fourier techniques in order to detect TEOs, examine the long-term stability of their amplitudes and frequencies, and characterise other types of variability in the system. Results. We confirm the detection of the known n = 23, 25, and 41 TEOs and announce the detection of two new TEOs, with n = 24 and 230, in the photometry of MACHO 80.7443.1718. Amplitudes of all TEOs were found to vary on a timescale of years or months. For n = 25, the TEO amplitude and frequency changes are related, which may indicate that the main cause of the amplitude drop in this TEO in TESS observations is the change in its frequency and increase in its detuning parameter. The light curve of the n = 230 TEO is strongly non-sinusoidal. Its high frequency may indicate that the oscillation is a strange mode. Stochastic variability observed in the target fits the behaviour observed in massive stars well and independently confirms that the primary is an evolved star. We also find that the orbital period of the system decreases at a rate of about 11 s (yr)–1. This can be explained by several phenomena: a significant mass loss, mass transfer between components, tidal dissipation, and the presence of a tertiary in the system. All of these phenomena may contribute to the observed changes. Conclusions. The discovery of variable amplitudes and frequencies of TEOs prompts for similar studies in other eccentric elliptical variables with TEOs. Long-term photometric monitoring of these targets is also desirable. The results we obtained pose a challenge for theory. In particular, it needs to be explained why n = 230 TEO is excited. In a general context, studies on the long-term behaviour of TEOs may help to explain the role of TEOs in the dynamical evolution of massive eccentric systems.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2022

Journal keyword(s): binaries: close - stars: early-type - stars: massive - stars: oscillations - stars: individual: MACHO 80.7443.1718

Simbad objects: 9

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