Astrophys. J., 911, 7-7 (2021/April-2)
The Hawaii infrared parallax program. V. New T-dwarf members and candidate members of nearby young moving groups.
ZHANG Z., LIU M.C., BEST W.M.J., DUPUY T.J. and SIVERD R.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a search for new planetary-mass members of nearby young moving groups (YMGs) using astrometry for 694 T and Y dwarfs, including 447 objects with parallaxes, mostly produced by recent large parallax programs from UKIRT and Spitzer. Using the BANYAN Σ and LACEwING algorithms, we identify 30 new candidate YMG members, with spectral types of T0-T9 and distances of 10-43 pc. Some candidates have unusually red colors and/or faint absolute magnitudes compared to field dwarfs with similar spectral types, providing supporting evidence for their youth, including four early-T dwarfs. We establish one of these, the variable T1.5 dwarf 2MASS J21392676+0220226, as a new planetary-mass member (14.6–1.6+3.2MJup) of the Carina-Near group (200 ± 50 Myr) based on its full six-dimensional kinematics, including a new parallax measurement from CFHT. The high-amplitude variability of this object is suggestive of a young age, given the coexistence of variability and youth seen in previously known YMG T dwarfs. Our four latest-type (T8-T9) YMG candidates, WISE J031624.35+430709.1, ULAS J130217.21+130851.2, WISEPC J225540.74-311841.8, and WISE J233226.49-432510.6, if confirmed, will be the first free-floating planets (≃2-6 MJup) whose ages and luminosities are compatible with both hot-start and cold-start evolutionary models, and thus overlap with the properties of the directly imaged planet 51 Eri b. Several of our early/mid-T candidates have peculiar near-infrared spectra, indicative of heterogenous photospheres or unresolved binarity. Radial velocity measurements needed for final membership assessment for most of our candidates await upcoming 20-30 m class telescopes. In addition, we compile all 15 known T7-Y1 benchmarks and derive a homogeneous set of their effective temperatures, surface gravities, radii, and masses.
© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
T dwarfs - Free floating planets - Stellar associations
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