2021A&A...650A..34R


Query : 2021A&A...650A..34R

2021A&A...650A..34R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 650A, 34-34 (2021/6-1)

External gas accretion provides a fresh gas supply to the active S0 galaxy NGC 5077.

RAIMUNDO S.I.

Abstract (from CDS):

In early-type galaxies, externally accreted gas is thought to be the main source of gas replenishment at late times. We use MUSE integral field spectroscopy data to study the active S0 galaxy NGC 5077, which is known to have disturbed dynamics that are indicative of a past external interaction. We confirm the presence of a stellar kinematically distinct core with a diameter of 2.8kpc that is counter-rotating with respect to the main stellar body of the galaxy. We find that the counter-rotating core consists of an old stellar population that is not significantly different from the rest of the galaxy. The ionised gas is strongly warped and extends out to 6.5kpc in the polar direction and in a filamentary structure. The gas dynamics is complex, with significant changes in the position angle as a function of radius. The ionised gas line ratios are consistent with LINER excitation by the active galactic nucleus, both in the nucleus and at kiloparsec scales. We discover a nuclear outflow with projected velocity V∼400km/s, consistent with a hollow outflow cone intersecting the plane of the sky. The properties of the misaligned gas match predictions from numerical simulations of misaligned gas infall after a gas-rich merger. The warp and change in the gas orientation as a function of radius are consistent with gas relaxation due to stellar torques; these are stronger at small radii where the gas aligns faster than in the outer regions, driving gas to the nucleus. The stellar and gas dynamics indicate that NGC 5077 has had at least two external interactions, one that resulted in the formation of the counter-rotating core, followed by the second, late-time external gas accretion. NGC 5077 illustrates the importance of external interactions in the replenishment of the galaxy gas reservoir and the nuclear gas content available for black hole fuelling.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2021

Journal keyword(s): black hole physics - quasars: supermassive black holes - galaxies: active - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: individual: NGC 5077 - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

CDS comments: Group of galaxies Holm 514 not identified.

Simbad objects: 9

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Number of rows : 9
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 NGC 863 Sy1 02 14 33.5604714720 -00 46 00.181845336   14.48 13.81 17.9   ~ 684 0
2 Mrk 3 Sy2 06 15 36.2812259376 +71 02 14.837219808 14.21 14.03 12.97     ~ 914 3
3 NGC 4993 Sy2 13 09 47.6908761600 -23 23 02.314044636   13.34   11.92   ~ 336 0
4 GrW 170817 GWE 13 09 48.0850 -23 22 53.343           ~ 1920 0
5 NGC 5076 GiP 13 19 30.3998300280 -12 44 26.881752048   13   13.06   ~ 28 0
6 CXOGSG J131930.6-123925 X 13 19 30.6120 -12 39 25.704           ~ 1 0
7 NGC 5077 AGN 13 19 31.66962921 -12 39 25.0765176   13.87 12.85 11.30   ~ 295 0
8 NGC 5079 GiG 13 19 38.053 -12 41 56.26   12       ~ 51 0
9 ESO 383-35 Sy1 13 35 53.7691256160 -34 17 44.160716796   13.89 13.61 8.9   ~ 1481 0

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