SIMBAD references

2020MNRAS.498.3633Z - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 498, 3633-3647 (2020/November-1)

Intermittent AGN episodes drive outflows with a large spread of observable loading factors.


Abstract (from CDS):

The properties of large-scale galactic outflows, such as their kinetic energy and momentum rates, correlate with the luminosity of the active galactic nucleus (AGN). This is well explained by the wind-driven outflow model, where a fraction of the AGN luminosity drives the outflow. However, significant departures from these correlations have been observed in a number of galaxies. This may happen because AGN luminosity varies on a much shorter time-scale (∼104-105 yr) than outflow properties do (∼106 yr). We investigate the effect of AGN luminosity variations on outflow properties using 1D numerical simulations. This effect can explain the very weak outflow in PDS 456: if its nucleus is currently much brighter than the long-term average luminosity, the outflow has not had time to react to this luminosity change. Conversely, the outflow in Mrk 231 is consistent with being driven by an almost continuous AGN, while IRAS F11119+3257 represents an intermediate case between the two. Considering a population of AGN, we find that very low momentum loading factors {dot}p_ out_ < L_ AGN_/c should be seen in a significant fraction of objects - up to 15 per cent depending on the properties of AGN variability and galaxy gas fraction. The predicted distribution of loading factors is consistent with the available observational data. We discuss how this model might help constrain the duty cycles of AGN during the period of outflow inflation, implications for multiphase, and spatially distinct outflows, and suggest ways of improving AGN prescriptions in numerical simulations.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion discs - galaxies: active - quasars: general

Simbad objects: 46

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