SIMBAD references

2020ApJ...894....7Y - Astrophys. J., 894, 7-7 (2020/May-1)

Identification of a Group III CEMP-no star in the dwarf spheroidal galaxy Canes Venatici I.


Abstract (from CDS):

CEMP-no stars, a subclass of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars, are one of the most significant stellar populations in galactic archeology, because they dominate the low end of the metallicity distribution function, providing information on the early star formation and chemical-evolution history of the Milky Way and its satellite galaxies. Here we present an analysis of low-resolution (R ∼ 1800) optical spectroscopy for a CEMP giant, SDSS J132755.56+333521.7, observed with the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT), one of the brightest (g ∼ 20.5) members of the classical dwarf spheroidal galaxy, Canes Venatici I (CVn I). Many CEMP stars discovered to date have very cool effective temperatures (Teff < 4500 K), resulting in strong veiling by molecular carbon bands over their optical spectra at low/medium spectral resolution. We introduce a technique to mitigate the carbon-veiling problem to obtain reliable stellar parameters, and validate this method with LBT low-resolution optical spectra of the ultra-metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -4.0) CEMP-no dwarf, G 77-61, and seven additional very cool CEMP stars, which have published high-resolution spectroscopic parameters. We apply this technique to the LBT spectrum of SDSS J132755.56+333521.7. We find that this star is well described with parameters Teff = 4530 K, log g = 0.7, [Fe/H] = -3.38, and absolute carbon abundance A(C) = 7.23, indicating that it is likely the first Group III CEMP-no star identified in CVn I. The Group III identification of this star suggests that it is a member of the extremely metal-poor population in CVn I, which may have been accreted into its halo.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: CVn I - Metallicity - Carbon stars - Chemical abundances - Chemically peculiar stars - Population II stars

Simbad objects: 16

goto Full paper

goto View the references in ADS

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2020ApJ...894....7Y and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu