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2016ApJ...828...36D - Astrophys. J., 828, 36-36 (2016/September-1)

Study of GRB light-curve decay indices in the afterglow phase.


Abstract (from CDS):

In this work, we study the distribution of temporal power-law decay indices, α, in the gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow phase, fitted for 176 GRBs (139 long GRBs, 12 short GRBs with extended emission, and 25 X-ray flashes) with known redshifts. These indices are compared with the temporal decay index, α_W, derived with the light-curve fitting using the Willingale et al. model. This model fitting yields similar distributions of α_W to the fitted α, but for individual bursts a difference can be significant. Analysis of (α, L_a) distribution, where L_a is the characteristic luminosity at the end of the plateau, reveals only a weak correlation of these quantities. However, we discovered a significant regular trend when studying GRB α values along the Dainotti et al. correlation between L_a and the end time of the plateau emission in the rest frame, {T}_{a}^{* }, hereafter LT correlation. We note a systematic variation of the α parameter distribution with luminosity for any selected {T}_{a}^{* }. We analyze this systematics with respect to the fitted LT correlation line, expecting that the presented trend may allow us to constrain the GRB physical models. We also attempted to use the derived correlation of α({T}_{a}) versus L{a}({T}{a}) to diminish the luminosity scatter related to the variations of α along the LT distribution, a step forward in the effort of standardizing GRBs. A proposed toy model accounting for this systematics applied to the analyzed GRB distribution results in a slight increase of the LT correlation coefficient.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): distance scale - gamma-ray burst: general - gamma-ray burst: general

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/828/36): table1.dat>

Simbad objects: 172

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