SIMBAD references

2007ApJ...661..304H - Astrophys. J., 661, 304-319 (2007/May-3)

An XMM-Newton observation of the Local Bubble using a shadowing filament in the southern Galactic hemisphere.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present an analysis of the X-ray spectrum of the Local Bubble, obtained by simultaneously analyzing spectra from two XMM-Newton pointings on and off an absorbing filament in the southern Galactic hemisphere (b~-45°). We use the difference in the Galactic column density in these two directions to deduce the contributions of the unabsorbed foreground emission due to the Local Bubble, and the absorbed emission from the Galactic halo and the extragalactic background. We find the Local Bubble emission is consistent with emission from a plasma in collisional ionization equilibrium with a temperature log(TLB/K)=6.06+0.02–0.04 and an emission measure {integral}n2edl=0.018/cm6.pc. Our measured temperature is in good agreement with values obtained from ROSAT All-Sky Survey data, but is lower than that measured by other recent XMM-Newton observations of the Local Bubble, which find log(TLB/K)~6.2 (although for some of these observations it is possible that the foreground emission is contaminated by non-Local Bubble emission from Loop I). The higher temperature observed toward other directions is inconsistent with our data when combined with a FUSE measurement of the Galactic halo O VI intensity. This therefore suggests that the Local Bubble is thermally anisotropic. Our data are unable to rule out a nonequilibrium model in which the plasma is underionized. However, an overionized recombining plasma model, while observationally acceptable for certain densities and temperatures, generally gives an implausibly young age for the Local Bubble (≲6x105 yr).

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: General - Galaxy: Halo - ISM: General - ISM: Individual: Name: Local Bubble - X-Rays: ISM

Simbad objects: 7

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