SIMBAD references

2002MNRAS.331..935Y - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 331, 935-958 (2002/April-3)

Evolution of massive binary black holes.


Abstract (from CDS):

Since many or most galaxies have central massive black holes (BHs), mergers of galaxies can form massive binary black holes (BBHs). In this paper we study the evolution of massive BBHs in realistic galaxy models, using a generalization of techniques used to study tidal disruption rates around massive BHs. The evolution of BBHs depends on BH mass ratio and host galaxy type. BBHs with very low mass ratios (say, ≲0.001) are hardly ever formed by mergers of galaxies, because the dynamical friction time-scale is too long for the smaller BH to sink into the galactic centre within a Hubble time. BBHs with moderate mass ratios are most likely to form and survive in spherical or nearly spherical galaxies and in high-luminosity or high-dispersion galaxies; they are most likely to have merged in low-dispersion galaxies (line-of-sight velocity dispersion ≲90km.s–1) or in highly flattened or triaxial galaxies.

The semimajor axes and orbital periods of surviving BBHs are generally in the range 10–3-10pc and 10-105 yr; they are also larger in high-dispersion galaxies than in low-dispersion galaxies, larger in nearly spherical galaxies than in highly flattened or triaxial galaxies, and larger for BBHs with equal masses than for BBHs with unequal masses. The orbital velocities of surviving BBHs are generally in the range 102-104km.s–1. The methods of detecting surviving BBHs are also discussed.

If no evidence of BBHs is found in AGNs, this may be either because gas plays a major role in BBH orbital decay or because nuclear activity switches on soon after a galaxy merger, and ends before the smaller BH has had time to spiral to the centre of the galaxy.

Abstract Copyright: 2002 Blackwell Science Ltd

Journal keyword(s): black hole physics - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: interactions - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - galaxies: nuclei

CDS comments: Table 1: NGC 221V not identified

Simbad objects: 42

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