SIMBAD references

2023A&A...679A..71S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 679A, 71 (2023/11-1)

Disentangling the two sub-populations of early Herbig Be stars using VLT/X-shooter spectra.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. Early Herbig Be (HBe) stars are massive, young stars accreting through the boundary layer mechanism. However, given the rapid (<2 Myr) evolution of early Herbig stars to the main-sequence phase, studying the evolution of the circumstellar medium around these stars can be a cumbersome exercise.
Aims. In this work, we study the sample of early (B0-B5) HBe stars using the correlation between Hα emission strength and near-infrared excess, complemented by the analysis of various emission features in the X-shooter spectra.
Methods. We segregate the sample of 37 early HBe stars based on the median values of Hα equivalent width (EW) and near-infrared index (n(J-H)) distributions. The stars with |Hα EW| > 50 Å and n(J-H) > -2 are classified as intense HBe stars and stars with |Hα EW| < 50 Å and n(J-H) < -2 as weak HBe stars. Using the VLT/X-shooter spectra of five intense and eight weak HBe stars, we visually checked for the differences in intensity and profiles of various HI and metallic emission lines commonly observed in Herbig stars.
Results. We propose that the intense HBe stars possess an inner disk close to the star (as apparent from the high near-infrared excess) and an active circumstellar environment (as seen from the high Hα EW value and presence of emission lines belonging to FeII, CaII, OI, and [OI]). However, for weak HBe stars, the inner disk has cleared, and the circumstellar environment appears more evolved than for intense HBe stars. Furthermore, we compiled a sample of ∼58 000 emission-line stars published in Gaia DR3 to identify more intense HBe candidates. Further spectroscopic studies of these candidates will help us to understand the evolution of the inner (approximately a few au) disk in early HBe stars.

Abstract Copyright: © The Authors 2023

Journal keyword(s): stars: emission-line, Be - circumstellar matter - methods: data analysis - techniques: spectroscopic

Simbad objects: 82

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