Astrophys. J., 910, 95-95 (2021/April-1)
METAL: the Metal Evolution, Transport, and Abundance in the Large Magellanic Cloud Hubble program. II. Variations of interstellar depletions and dust-to-gas ratio within the LMC.
ROMAN-DUVAL J., JENKINS E.B., TCHERNYSHYOV K., WILLIAMS B., CLARK C.J.R., GORDON K.D., MEIXNER M., HAGEN L., PEEK J., SANDSTROM K., WERK J. and YANCHULOVA MERICA-JONES P.
Abstract (from CDS):
A key component of the baryon cycle in galaxies is the depletion of metals from the gas to the dust phase in the neutral interstellar medium (ISM). The METAL (Metal Evolution, Transport, and Abundance in the Large Magellanic Cloud) program on the Hubble Space Telescope acquired UV spectra toward 32 sight lines in the half-solar metallicity LMC, from which we derive interstellar depletions (gas-phase fractions) of Mg, Si, Fe, Ni, S, Zn, Cr, and Cu. The depletions of different elements are tightly correlated, indicating a common origin. Hydrogen column density is the main driver for depletion variations. Correlations are weaker with volume density, probed by C I fine-structure lines, and distance to the LMC center. The latter correlation results from an east-west variation of the gas-phase metallicity. Gas in the east, compressed side of the LMC encompassing 30 Doradus and the southeast H I over-density is enriched by up to +0.3 dex, while gas in the west side is metal deficient by up to -0.5 dex. Within the parameter space probed by METAL, no correlation with molecular fraction or radiation-field intensity are found. We confirm the factor of three to four increase in dust-to-metal and dust-to-gas ratios between the diffuse (log N(H) ∼ 20 cm–2) and molecular (log N(H) ∼ 22 cm–2) ISM observed from far-infrared, 21 cm, and CO observations. The variations of dust-to-metal and dust-to-gas ratios with column density have important implications for the sub-grid physics of chemical evolution, gas and dust mass estimates throughout cosmic times, and for the chemical enrichment of the Universe measured via spectroscopy of damped Lyα systems.
© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Interstellar medium - Interstellar line absorption - Interstellar abundances - Interstellar atomic gas - Interstellar dust - Interstellar phases - Metallicity - Chemical abundances - Local Group - Chemical enrichment - Galaxy chemical evolution
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/910/95): table1.dat table3.dat table5.dat table6.dat>
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