Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 651A, 104-104 (2021/7-1)
Galactic spiral structure revealed by Gaia EDR3.
POGGIO E., DRIMMEL R., CANTAT-GAUDIN T., RAMOS P., RIPEPI V., ZARI E., ANDRAE R., BLOMME R., CHEMIN L., CLEMENTINI G., FIGUERAS F., FOUESNEAU M., FREMAT Y., LOBEL A., MARSHALL D.J., MURAVEVA T. and ROMERO-GOMEZ M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using the astrometry and integrated photometry from the Gaia Early Data Release 3, we map the density variations in the distribution of young upper main sequence (UMS) stars, open clusters, and classical Cepheids in the Galactic disc within several kiloparsecs of the Sun. We derive maps of relative over- and under-dense regions for UMS stars in the Galactic disc using both bivariate kernel density estimators and wavelet transformations. The resulting overdensity maps exhibit large-scale arches that extend in a clumpy but coherent way over the entire sampled volume, indicating the location of the spiral arm segments in the vicinity of the Sun. Peaks in the UMS overdensity are well matched by the distribution of young and intrinsically bright open clusters. By applying a wavelet transformation to a sample of classical Cepheids, we find that their overdensities possibly extend the spiral arm segments on a larger scale (≃10kpc from the Sun). While the resulting map based on the UMS sample is generally consistent with previous models of the Sagittarius-Carina spiral arm, the geometry of the arms in the III quadrant (galactic longitudes 180°<l<270°) differs significantly from that suggested by many previous models. In particular, we find that our maps favour a larger pitch angle for the Perseus arm, and that the Local Arm extends into the III quadrant at least 4kpc past the position of the Sun, giving it a total length of at least 8kpc.
© E. Poggio et al. 2021
Galaxy: disk - Galaxy: structure - Galaxy: stellar content
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/651/A104): ocs_edr3.dat>
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