Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 645, L8-8 (2021/1-1)
Local spiral structure based on the Gaia EDR3 parallaxes.
XU Y., HOU L.G., BIAN S.B., HAO C.J., LIU D.J., LI J.J. and LI Y.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. The astrometric satellite Gaia is expected to significantly increase our knowledge as to the properties of the Milky Way. The Gaia Early Data Release 3 (EDR3) provides the most precise parallaxes for many OB stars, which can be used to delineate the Galactic spiral structure.
Aims. We investigate the local spiral structure with the largest sample of spectroscopically confirmed young OB stars available to date, and we compare it with what was traced by the parallax measurements of masers.
Methods. A sample consisting of three different groups of massive young stars, including O-B2 stars, O-B0 stars and O-type stars with parallax accuracies better than 10% was compiled and used in our analysis.
Results. The local spiral structures in all four Galactic quadrants within ≃5kpc of the Sun are clearly delineated in detail. The revealed Galactic spiral pattern outlines a clear sketch of nearby spiral arms, especially in the third and fourth quadrants where the maser parallax data are still absent. These O-type stars densify and extend the spiral structure constructed by using the Very Long Baseline Interferometry maser data alone. The clumped distribution of O-type stars also indicates that the Galaxy spiral structure is inhomogeneous.
© ESO 2021
astrometry - Galaxy: structure - stars: early-type - stars: massive - masers
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/645/L8): table1.dat>
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