Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 492, 4825-4836 (2020/March-2)
A search for pulsars in subdwarf B binary systems and discovery of giant-pulse emitting PSR J0533-4524.
OOSTRUM L.C., VAN LEEUWEN J., MAAN Y., COENEN T. and ISHWARA-CHANDRA C.H.
Abstract (from CDS):
Binary millisecond pulsars (MSPs) provide several opportunities for research of fundamental physics. However, finding them can be challenging. Several subdwarf B (sdB) binary systems with possible neutron star companions have been identified, allowing us to perform a targeted search for MSPs within these systems. Six sdBs with companions in the neutron star mass range, as determined from their optical light curves, were observed with the Green Bank and Westerbork radio telescopes. The data were searched for periodic signals as well as single pulses. No radio pulsations from sdB systems were detected, down to an average sensitivity limit of 0.11 mJy. We did, however, discover a pulsar in the field of sdB HE0532-4503. Follow-up observations with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope showed that this pulsar, J0533-4524, is not spatially coincident with the sdB system. The pulsar has a relatively low magnetic field but still emits giant pulses. We place an upper limit of three to the number of radio pulsars in the six sdB systems. The non-detections may be explained by a combination of the MSP beaming fraction, luminosity, and a recycling fraction <0.5. Alternatively, the assumption of corotation between the MSP and sdB may break down, which implies the systems are more edge-on than previously thought. This would shift the predicted companion masses into the white dwarf range. It would also explain the relative lack of edge-on sdB systems with massive companions.
© 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
stars: neutron - pulsars: general - pulsars: individual: J0533 - 4524 - subdwarfs
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