2020ApJ...903...43D


Query : 2020ApJ...903...43D

2020ApJ...903...43D - Astrophys. J., 903, 43-43 (2020/November-1)

Runaway OB stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud: dynamical versus supernova ejections.

DORIGO JONES J., OEY M.S., PAGGEOT K., CASTRO N. and MOE M.

Abstract (from CDS):

Runaway OB stars are ejected from their parent clusters via two mechanisms, both involving multiple stars: the dynamical ejection scenario (DES) and the binary supernova scenario (BSS). We constrain the relative contributions from these two ejection mechanisms in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) using data for 304 field OB stars from the spatially complete Runaways and Isolated O-Type Star Spectroscopic Survey of the SMC (RIOTS4). We obtain stellar masses and projected rotational velocities vrsin i for the sample using RIOTS4 spectra, and we use transverse velocities vloc from Gaia DR2 proper motions. Kinematic analyses of the masses, vrsin i, noncompact binaries, high-mass X-ray binaries, and Oe/Be stars largely support predictions for the statistical properties of the DES and BSS populations. We find that dynamical ejections dominate over supernova ejections by a factor of ∼2-3 in the SMC, and our results suggest a high frequency of DES runaways and binary ejections. Objects seen as BSS runaways also include two-step ejections of binaries that are reaccelerated by supernova kicks. We find that two-step runaways likely dominate the BSS runaway population. Our results further imply that any contribution from in situ field OB star formation is small. Finally, our data strongly support the post-mass-transfer model for the origin of classical Oe/Be stars, providing a simple explanation for the bimodality in the vrsin i distribution and high, near-critical, Oe/Be rotation velocities. The close correspondence of Oe/Be stars with BSS predictions implies that the emission-line disks are long-lived.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Runaway stars - Massive stars - Small Magellanic Cloud - Field stars - Stellar kinematics - Binary stars - Star clusters - Be stars - Stellar rotation - High mass x-ray binary stars

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/903/43): table1.dat>

Status at CDS : Tables of objects will be appraised for possible ingestion in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 17

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Number of rows : 17
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 AzV 41 EB* 00 48 35.4119324520 -72 52 56.970723324 13.38 14.42 14.53 14.68 14.72 B0+B0.5/2 18 0
2 AzV 115 * 00 52 03.7951805256 -72 12 17.050443300 12.363 13.394 13.546   13.61 B0.5(II) 12 0
3 NAME SMC G 00 52 38.0 -72 48 01   2.79 2.2     ~ 10364 1
4 LHA 115-S 18 Em* 00 54 09.5410003368 -72 41 43.289017440 12.94 13.48 13.82   12.55 B[e] 80 0
5 2MASS J00561228-7305511 * 00 56 12.2801558184 -73 05 51.124338888   13.21 13.38     O9.5III+B 6 0
6 AzV 177 * 00 56 44.1036082560 -72 03 31.678578504 13.22 14.39 14.62   14.90 O4Vz 24 0
7 LHA 115-S 29 s*b 00 59 29.1560771856 -72 01 04.492231752 11.813 12.724 12.696 12.57 11.22 B7I[e] 22 0
8 [MA93] 1466 Em* 01 04 27.8449073448 -72 04 52.472684424   14.23 14.5     O5-7Ve 9 0
9 LHA 115-S 46 s*b 01 05 46.9595113512 -71 46 21.992252592   13.01 13.2     B8I[e] 26 0
10 OGLE SMC-ECL- 5221 EB* 01 07 07.2888505296 -73 11 10.036938768 14.04 14.75 14.97   15.24 O7V 10 0
11 SK 131 s*b 01 07 32.6015725776 -72 17 38.750615340 11.903 12.974 13.146     B0.5Ia 20 0
12 [MA93] 1763 Em* 01 12 53.8652763504 -73 30 26.165869416 13.84 14.72 14.74   14.54 O6-9III-V 9 0
13 LIN 508 Em* 01 14 55.0195828176 -72 21 38.101370184 13.26 14.41 14.3   14.25 O4-7Ve 17 0
14 SK 160 HXB 01 17 05.1457288392 -73 26 36.014808156 12.23 13.00 13.15   13.17 O9.7Ia+ 829 0
15 OGLE SMC-ECL- 6079 EB* 01 24 01.8345444480 -73 17 57.322487652   14.96 15.18   15.279 B1.5IV: 10 0
16 LHA 115-S 62 s*b 01 30 10.9514701872 -73 18 55.707747084   13.74 13.73     B6I[e] 13 0
17 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 6410 1

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2022.09.26-23:54:13

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