Astron. J., 160, 52-52 (2020/July-0)
A spectroscopic classification survey to search for new ρ Puppis stars.
McGAHEE C., GRAY R.O., GRIFFIN R.E.M., BIRCHARD M. and DAY J.
Abstract (from CDS):
The ρ Puppis stars are mid-F-type stars that show peculiar chemical-abundance patterns similar to those of the Am stars. Typically they exhibit overabundances of iron-peak elements such as Fe and Ni and s- and r-process elements such as Sr and Eu, and underabundances of certain other elements including He, Ca, and Sc. It has been proposed that these stars are evolving Am stars passing through the short-lived phase that occurs between the re-establishment of convection and the consequent erasure of their chemical peculiarities. In this paper we suggest a second hypothesis: these stars may have acquired their peculiar abundance patterns in a fashion similar to the Barium stars, i.e., they may have gained the s-process element enhancements via mass transfer from a once asymptotic giant-branch companion star, now turned white dwarf. This study will detail our efforts to investigate the ρ Puppis stars with regard to these two hypotheses, with a view to understanding these stars and their significance in terms of stellar evolution. We have performed a spectral classification survey, and a detailed chemical-abundance analysis of selected ρ Puppis stars. This paper gives an overview of the ρ Puppis stars and describes the spectral classification survey which has increased the number of ρ Puppis stars currently known from 6 to 49. A future paper will describe the chemical-abundance analysis which should provide insight into the nature of these stars.
© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Stellar classification - Chemically peculiar stars - Am stars - Barium stars
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<Available at CDS (J/AJ/160/52): table2.dat table3.dat>
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