2017ApJ...835..140M


Query : 2017ApJ...835..140M

2017ApJ...835..140M - Astrophys. J., 835, 140-140 (2017/February-1)

Ejection of the massive hydrogen-rich envelope timed with the collapse of the stripped SN 2014C.

MARGUTTI R., KAMBLE A., MILISAVLJEVIC D., ZAPARTAS E., DE MINK S.E., DROUT M., CHORNOCK R., RISALITI G., ZAUDERER B.A., BIETENHOLZ M., CANTIELLO M., CHAKRABORTI S., CHOMIUK L., FONG W., GREFENSTETTE B., GUIDORZI C., KIRSHNER R., PARRENT J.T., PATNAUDE D., SODERBERG A.M., GEHRELS N.C. and HARRISON F.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present multi-wavelength observations of SN 2014C during the first 500 days. These observations represent the first solid detection of a young extragalactic stripped-envelope SN out to high-energy X-rays ∼40 keV. SN 2014C shows ordinary explosion parameters (Ek ∼ 1.8 x 1051 erg and Mej ∼ 1.7 M). However, over an ∼1 year timescale, SN 2014C evolved from an ordinary hydrogen-poor supernova into a strongly interacting, hydrogen-rich supernova, violating the traditional classification scheme of type-I versus type-II SNe. Signatures of the SN shock interaction with a dense medium are observed across the spectrum, from radio to hard X-rays, and revealed the presence of a massive shell of ∼1 M of hydrogen-rich material at ∼6 x 1016 cm. The shell was ejected by the progenitor star in the decades to centuries before collapse. This result challenges current theories of massive star evolution, as it requires a physical mechanism responsible for the ejection of the deepest hydrogen layer of H-poor SN progenitors synchronized with the onset of stellar collapse. Theoretical investigations point at binary interactions and/or instabilities during the last nuclear burning stages as potential triggers of the highly time-dependent mass loss. We constrain these scenarios utilizing the sample of 183 SNe Ib/c with public radio observations. Our analysis identifies SN 2014C-like signatures in ∼10% of SNe. This fraction is reasonably consistent with the expectation from the theory of recent envelope ejection due to binary evolution if the ejected material can survive in the close environment for 103-104 years. Alternatively, nuclear burning instabilities extending to core C-burning might play a critical role.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): supernovae: individual: SN 2014C - supernovae: individual: SN 2014C

Simbad objects: 194

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Number of rows : 194
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 SN 2004fe SN* 00 30 11.27 +02 05 23.5     18.1     SNIc 45 1
2 SN 2005ct SN* 00 39 40.50 -14 14 16.6     17.3     SNIc: 9 1
3 SN 2006ep SN* 00 41 24.88 +25 29 46.7     17.8     SNIb 39 1
4 SN 1991ar SN* 00 43 56.71 +01 51 13.5     17.0     SNIb 30 1
5 SN 2002hf SN* 00 57 47.74 -27 30 21.5     16.5     SNIc 15 1
6 SN 2002ap SN* 01 36 23.85 +15 45 13.2   13.11 14.54     SNIc-BL 547 1
7 SN 2005hg SN* 01 55 41.87 +46 47 47.4     18.6     SNIb 36 1
8 SN 2006ei SN* 01 56 37.15 +34 10 37.4     18.5     SNIc 7 1
9 SN 1999di SN* 01 59 54.86 +23 38 22.7     18.0     SNIb 34 1
10 SN 2004gv SN* 02 13 37.42 -00 43 05.8     17.6     SNIb 35 1
11 SN 2006lt SN* 02 16 59.89 +30 41 57.4 20.1 20.5 19.5 19.1   SNIb 12 1
12 SN 2004eu SN* 02 20 34.86 +41 34 18.5     17.3     SNIc 10 1
13 SN 2003id SN* 02 21 35.70 -05 31 51.0     16.7     SNIcpec 17 1
14 SN 1986J SN* 02 22 31.33 +42 19 56.4   18.4 18.4     SNII 315 1
15 SN 1994ai SN* 02 23 06.17 -21 14 09.3     17     SNIc 21 1
16 SN 2004eh SN* 02 26 11.82 +27 36 24.1     17.1     SNIb 7 1
17 SN 2006F SN* 02 28 11.43 +19 36 12.3     17.3     SNIb 23 1
18 SN 2006fo SN* 02 32 38.89 +00 37 03.0           SNIb 43 1
19 SN 2006eg SN* 02 32 53.57 +19 15 33.2     18.3     SNIb/c 11 1
20 SN 1984L SN* 02 35 30.54 -07 09 30.3   14.0       SNIb 192 1
21 SN 2004dn SN* 02 35 37.30 +37 37 54.2     17.5     SNIc 22 1
22 SN 2005E SN* 02 39 14.34 +01 05 55.0     16.8     SNIb/c 116 1
23 SN 2007gr SN* 02 43 27.98 +37 20 44.7       12.77   SNIc 217 1
24 SN 2006ab SN* 02 48 53.92 +53 02 20.8     18.0     SNIc 14 1
25 SN 2007ke SN* 02 54 23.90 +41 34 16.3     18.5     SNIb 35 1
26 SN 2005aj SN* 02 58 48.85 +75 45 13.8     18     SNIc 19 1
27 SN 2005gj SN* 03 01 11.96 -00 33 13.9   18.6       SNIapec 190 1
28 SN 2007Y SN* 03 02 35.92 -22 53 50.1     17.5     SNIb 104 1
29 SN 2005ek SN* 03 05 48.96 +36 46 10.6     17.5     SNIc: 60 1
30 SN 2000F SN* 03 12 52.69 +04 42 34.8     17.5     SNIc: 13 1
31 SN 2006gy SN* 03 17 27.06 +41 24 19.5       14.20   SNIIn 328 1
32 SN 2007D SN* 03 18 38.71 +37 36 26.4     18.2     SNIc-BL 28 1
33 SN 2002gy SN* 03 22 36.45 +09 28 22.0     17.6     SNIb/c: 10 1
34 SN 2005ke SN* 03 35 04.35 -24 56 38.8     17.2     SNIap 138 1
35 SN 2008dv SN* 03 37 51.43 +72 34 21.8           SNIc 12 1
36 SN 2002jj SN* 03 39 29.55 -13 06 55.8     16.5     SNIc 18 1
37 SN 2003ih SN* 03 43 57.72 +39 17 43.9     18.1     SNIb/c 18 1
38 SN 2005dg SN* 04 07 46.25 -29 51 28.1     16.6     SNIc 8 1
39 SN 2003ig SN* 04 09 43.50 +37 00 45.8     18.4     SNIc 12 1
40 SN 2002jz SN* 04 13 12.52 +13 25 07.3     15.9     SNIc 22 1
41 SN 2007rz SN* 04 31 10.84 +07 37 51.5     16.9     SNIc 23 1
42 SN 1996D SN* 04 34 00.30 -08 34 44.0     18.2     SNIc 28 1
43 SN 2001ef SN* 04 44 28.56 +75 38 30.3     16.1     SNIc 15 1
44 SN 2001B SN* 04 57 19.24 +78 11 16.5     15.0     SNIb 41 1
45 SN 2004ff SN* 04 58 46.19 -21 34 12.0     18.0     SNIIb 23 1
46 SN 2012ap SN* 05 00 13.72 -03 20 51.2           SNIc 72 2
47 SN 2004gq SN* 05 12 04.81 -15 40 54.2     15.5     SNIb 88 1
48 SN 1987A SN* 05 35 28.020 -69 16 11.07           SNIIpec 4784 2
49 SN 2001is SN* 05 42 09.07 +69 21 54.8     17.6     SNIb 26 1
50 SN 1997B SN* 05 53 01.9 -17 51 55     16.5     SNIc 27 2
51 SN 2007iq SN* 06 13 32.33 +69 43 49.2     17.5     SNIc/Ic-BL 11 1
52 SN 2003kb SN* 06 16 12.59 +57 03 12.9     18.0     SNIc: 10 1
53 SN 1999ec SN* 06 16 16.16 -21 22 09.8     17.9     SNIac 26 1
54 SN 2003H SN* 06 16 25.68 -21 22 23.8     17.8     SNIbpec 45 1
55 SN 2005V SN* 06 18 38.28 +78 21 28.8           SNIb/c 24 1
56 SN 2004ge SN* 06 50 00.13 +25 38 02.0     18.3     SNIc 22 1
57 SN 2000H SN* 06 51 07.67 +12 55 18.5   17.9       SNIIb 55 1
58 iPTF 13ehe SN* 06 53 21.50 +67 07 56.0           SLSN-I 63 0
59 SN 2005lr SN* 07 11 39.03 -26 42 20.2     18.5     SNIc: 19 1
60 SN 2001ej SN* 07 23 43.23 +33 26 38.0     16.5     SNIb 23 1
61 SN 2000C SN* 07 36 57.09 +35 14 38.8     15.6     SNIc 27 2
62 SN 2005kf SN* 07 47 26.4 +26 55 32           SNIc 15 1
63 SN 2005eo SN* 07 59 13.94 +32 55 19.7     18.3     SNIa 22 1
64 SN 2006jd SN* 08 02 07.43 +00 48 31.5   22.5 21.8 20.4 21.3 SNIIn 102 1
65 SN 2000fn SN* 08 06 57.79 +08 00 19.3     18.8     SNIb 16 1
66 SN 2003bm SN* 08 07 22.87 +40 23 44.3     18.0     SNIc 11 1
67 SN 2002hn SN* 08 10 14.95 +33 57 19.4     16.8     SNIc 18 1
68 SN 2003bp SN* 08 27 27.81 +17 17 14.5     17.8     SNIb 15 1
69 SN 1999bc SN* 08 28 31.08 +17 28 15.4     18.9     SNIc 11 1
70 SN 2000dv SN* 08 56 43.40 +52 06 13.2     18.0     SNIb 15 1
71 SN 2005mf SN* 09 08 42.33 +44 48 51.4     17.4     SNIc 26 1
72 SN 2008D SN* 09 09 30.625 +33 08 20.16     17.5     SNIb 387 1
73 SN 1999eh SN* 09 09 32.67 +33 07 16.9     17.5     SNIb 25 1
74 SN 2007uy SN* 09 09 35.40 +33 07 09.9     17.2     SNIbpec 89 1
75 SN 2000ds SN* 09 11 36.24 +60 01 42.2     17.9     SNIb 46 1
76 SN 2006jc SN* 09 17 20.78 +41 54 32.7     13.8     SNIbn 319 1
77 SN 2003I SN* 09 27 29.48 +03 55 45.6     17.6     SNIb 18 1
78 SN 2003jg SN* 09 45 38.40 -31 11 19.9     17     SNIb/c 15 1
79 SN 2002cp SN* 09 59 35.95 +35 23 57.4     17.9     SNIb/c 22 1
80 SN 2001ci SN* 10 01 57.33 +55 41 14.6     18.3     SNIc 26 1
81 SN 2002bl SN* 10 12 17.28 +27 51 52.4     17.0     SNIcpec 29 1
82 SN 1997C SN* 10 13 56.18 +38 49 00.5     17.5     SNIa 14 1
83 SN 2006gi SN* 10 16 46.76 +73 26 26.4     16.3     SNIb 20 1
84 SN 2003ds SN* 10 18 58.35 +46 27 15.5     18.0     SNIc 14 1
85 SN 2005bf SN* 10 23 56.99 -03 11 29.3     18.0     SNIb 191 1
86 SN 2001M SN* 10 24 31.48 -21 47 40.6     17.5     SNIc 17 1
87 SN 2009bb SN* 10 31 33.92 -39 57 28.2           SNIc 159 1
88 SN 2013ge SN* 10 34 48.46 +21 39 41.9           SNIc 43 1
89 SN 2000S SN* 10 34 55.89 -06 28 26.0     20.9     SNIc 6 1
90 SN 2002jp SN* 10 37 26.50 -25 21 35.2     16.9     SNIc 14 1
91 SN 1991N SN* 10 38 46.38 +53 30 05.0   15.5 15.0     SNIc 53 1
92 SN 2004bs SN* 10 39 39.30 +25 19 19.9     17.0     SNIb 21 1
93 SN 2005O SN* 10 42 18.32 -00 22 41.2     16.1     SNIb 17 1
94 SN 2003aa SN* 10 46 36.82 +13 45 32.2     17.6     SNIa 16 1
95 SN 2004bi SN* 10 47 37.45 +26 18 12.0     18.7     SNIIb 12 1
96 SN 2003A SN* 10 48 33.86 +66 22 29.4     17.4     SNIb/c 14 1
97 SN 2004bm SN* 10 52 35.33 +22 56 05.5     17.5     SNIc 23 1
98 SN 2002J SN* 10 54 38.36 -21 03 53.6     16.8     SNIc 21 1
99 SN 2002hy SN* 10 54 39.18 -21 03 41.2     16.4     SNIbpec 19 1
100 SN 2003L SN* 11 03 12.33 +11 04 38.3     16.9     SNIc 70 1
101 SN 2005ar SN* 11 15 19.03 -03 46 18.5     17.7     SNIb 9 1
102 SN 2005C SN* 11 15 29.42 +60 45 05.5     18.4     SNIb: 7 1
103 SN 2002ji SN* 11 22 53.15 +16 35 10.0     15.1     SNIb 40 1
104 SN 1998T SN* 11 28 33.14 +58 33 44.0     14.5     SNIb 45 1
105 SN 2005bh SN* 11 29 44.00 +22 07 39.1     17.3     SNIc 10 1
106 SN 2000ew SN* 11 40 58.52 +11 27 55.9     14.9     SNIc 57 1
107 SN 2007bg SN* 11 49 26.18 +51 49 21.8 20.1 19.8 18.8     SNIc-BL 64 1
108 SN 1991A SN* 11 53 52 +33 21.7     17     SNIc 41 1
109 SN 2003dg SN* 11 57 31.97 -01 15 13.6     19.3     SNIb/cpec 31 1
110 SN 2014ad SN* 11 57 44.44 -10 10 15.7           SNIcpec 20 1
111 SN 2004aw SN* 11 57 50.24 +25 15 55.1   18.06       SNIc 188 1
112 SN 2007I SN* 11 59 13.15 -01 36 18.9   19.2 17.9     SNIc-BL 38 1
113 SN 2004gt SN* 12 01 50.37 -18 52 12.7   19.42 14.9     SNIc 73 1
114 SN 2005nb SN* 12 13 37.61 +16 07 16.2     17.2     SNIc-BL 26 1
115 SN 2002ho SN* 12 15 17.97 +65 58 55.1     17.0     SNIc 24 1
116 SN 1954A SN* 12 15 45 +36 16.2   9.3       SNIb 100 1
117 SN 2005kl SN* 12 24 35.68 +39 23 03.5     14.6     SNIc 39 1
118 SN 2004gk SN* 12 25 33.21 +12 15 39.9     13.3     SNIc 36 1
119 SN 2002bm SN* 12 30 16.90 -08 23 34.8     17.0     SNIc 11 1
120 SN 2010ay SN* 12 35 27.19 +27 04 02.8           SNIc 46 1
121 SN 1990B SN* 12 36 33.86 +11 14 29.9     15.75     SNIc 125 1
122 SN 2004cc SN* 12 36 34.40 +11 14 32.8     17.5     SNIc 37 1
123 SN 2005cz SN* 12 37 27.85 +74 11 24.5     16.0     SNIb 53 1
124 SN 1985F SN* 12 41 33.01 +41 09 05.9   12.1       SNIb 129 1
125 SN 1997X SN* 12 48 14.28 -03 19 58.5   14.75 13.5     SNIb 66 1
126 SN 2005la SN* 12 52 15.68 +27 31 52.5     17.6     SNIbn/IIbn 60 1
127 SN 2012au SN* 12 54 52.18 -10 14 50.2           SNIb 56 2
128 SN 2006bf SN* 12 58 50.68 +09 39 30.1     17.7     SNIIb 14 1
129 SN 2006dl SN* 13 05 16.73 +25 57 27.8     18.0     SNIIb 9 1
130 SN 2005az SN* 13 05 46.97 +27 44 08.4     17.4     SNIc 42 1
131 SN 2007C SN* 13 08 49.30 -06 47 01.0 18.1 17.1 15.9     SNIb 50 1
132 SN 2006ck SN* 13 09 40.42 -01 02 57.2     17.4     SNIc 17 1
133 SN 2003el SN* 13 09 46.20 +28 54 21.6     18.8     SNIc 20 1
134 SN 2003ev SN* 13 10 31.80 -21 39 49.6     18.5     SNIc 13 1
135 PTF 11qcj SN* 13 13 41.51 +47 17 57.0           SNIb 48 0
136 SN 1994I SN* 13 29 54.072 +47 11 30.50     12.9     SNIc 610 1
137 SN 1983N SN* 13 36 51.23 -29 54 01.7   11.7       SNIb 270 1
138 SN 2001ai SN* 13 41 39.35 +55 40 05.1     17.6     SNIb 19 1
139 SN 2001bb SN* 13 43 25.31 -29 48 13.1     16.5     SNIc 17 1
140 SN 2004bf SN* 13 49 15.45 +35 15 12.5     17.5     SNIc 13 1
141 SN 2000cr SN* 13 58 38.37 +37 26 12.4     17     SNIc 22 1
142 SN 2003bu SN* 14 00 31.45 -28 52 32.7     17.5     SNIc 9 1
143 SN 2005N SN* 14 04 02.61 -14 37 48.8     18.8     SNIb/c 14 1
144 SN 2005bq SN* 14 05 37.05 -39 12 04.4     18.3     SNIc 8 1
145 SN 1996cr SN* 14 13 10.01139 -65 20 44.5654     19.5     SNIIn: 75 1
146 SN 2006cb SN* 14 16 31.80 +39 35 15.9     17.5     SNIb 9 1
147 SN 1996aq SN* 14 22 22.72 -00 23 23.8     15.7     SNIc 44 1
148 SN 2013cu SN* 14 33 58.97 +40 14 20.7           SNII: 79 1
149 SN 2003dr SN* 14 38 11.13 +46 38 03.4     18.0     SNIb/cpec 35 1
150 SN 2002dg SN* 14 57 16.29 +05 54 00.6     18.5     SNIb 12 1
151 SN 2003cr SN* 14 58 35.53 +44 53 06.4     17.7     SNIc? 8 1
152 SN 2004bw SN* 15 03 46.75 -03 18 16.4     17.8     SNIa 29 1
153 SN 2006bk SN* 15 04 32.7 +35 57 54           SNIa 18 1
154 SN 2002cj SN* 15 21 20.71 -19 51 27.3     16.0     SNIc 13 1
155 SN 2004ax SN* 15 24 46.76 +68 43 56.3     17.7     SNIb/c: 8 1
156 SN 2012cs SN* 15 31 57.65 +68 14 42.8           SNIIb 5 2
157 SN 2004bu SN* 15 54 52.03 +21 07 11.0     17.1     SNIc 13 1
158 SN 2005bk SN* 16 02 17.04 +42 54 55.3       17.95   SNIc 12 1
159 SN 2004dk SN* 16 21 48.93 -02 16 17.3   17.789 17.6     SNIb 77 1
160 SN 2005bj SN* 16 49 44.74 +17 51 48.7     17.7     SNIc: 18 1
161 SN 2010mc SN* 17 21 30.68 +48 07 47.4           SNIIn 80 1
162 SN 2004ao SN* 17 28 09.35 +07 24 55.5     14.9     SNIb 40 1
163 SN 2003hp SN* 17 40 18.69 +51 01 41.3     18.4     SNIc 13 1
164 SN 2007cl SN* 17 48 21.19 +54 09 05.2     17.6     SNIc 22 1
165 SN 2004dx SN* 18 18 06.15 +39 49 24.9     18.1     SNIc: 7 1
166 SN 2005da SN* 18 37 46.89 +17 32 35.3     16.9     SNIc-BL 15 1
167 SN 2005kz SN* 19 00 49.82 +50 53 01.8     18.7     SNIc 22 1
168 SN 2003is SN* 19 21 08.00 +43 19 35.4     18.0     SNIc 8 1
169 SN 1998bw SN* 19 35 03.17 -52 50 46.1   14.09       SNIc 1764 2
170 SN 2001ch SN* 21 25 59.19 -03 48 46.8     16.7     SNIc 17 1
171 SN 2001em SN* 21 42 23.6093 +12 29 50.300     18.6     SNIc: 81 1
172 SN 2002dn SN* 21 54 22.47 +15 09 42.2     18.6     SNIc: 10 1
173 SN 2003gf SN* 22 13 40.94 -21 44 03.3     14.6     SNIc: 13 1
174 SN 1999ex SN* 22 16 07.27 -36 50 53.7   17.35       SNIb 136 2
175 SN 2009ip s*b 22 23 08.26 -28 56 52.4           LBV 328 0
176 SN 2002hz SN* 22 27 49.54 +38 35 09.5     17.8     SNIb 17 1
177 SN 2005ce SN* 22 36 32.96 +25 45 35.0     18.5     SNIb/c: 10 1
178 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.0506038088 +34 24 56.800076508 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1189 2
179 SN 2014C SN* 22 37 05.60 +34 24 31.9           SNIb 99 1
180 SN 2006ea SN* 22 39 37.91 +11 46 16.0     18.8     SNIb: 8 1
181 SN 2006dn SN* 22 47 37.84 +39 52 46.8     17.8     SNIb 10 1
182 SN 2006el SN* 22 47 38.50 +39 52 27.6     18.2     SNIIb 28 1
183 SN 2002ge SN* 22 54 21.49 -45 20 26.9     14.1     SNIa: 7 1
184 SN 2008du SN* 22 56 11.84 +03 55 35.4           SNIc 12 1
185 SN 2006dj SN* 22 59 22.89 +53 44 09.8     18.9     SNIb 9 1
186 SN 2003gk SN* 23 01 42.99 +02 16 08.7     17.1     SNIb 25 1
187 SN 1990U SN* 23 04 54.96 +12 18 20.1   17.76       SNIb 61 1
188 SN 2007ru SN* 23 07 23.19 +43 35 34.1     17.5     SNIc-BL 47 1
189 SN 2003jd SN* 23 21 03.38 -04 53 45.5   16.34       SNIc-BL 137 1
190 SN 1997dc SN* 23 28 28.41 +22 25 23.0     18.3     SNIb 21 1
191 SN 1999dn SN* 23 36 14.70 +02 09 08.8     16.0     SNIb 104 1
192 SN 2006ec SN* 23 38 12.46 -20 46 48.6     16.7     SNIb 7 1
193 SN 2004dc SN* 23 41 18.47 +04 01 06.3     19.5     SNIc 9 1
194 SN 2006dg SN* 23 45 54.38 +12 03 59.0     18.3     SNIc 9 1

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2023.02.07-18:48:58

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