2013ApJ...771...18G


Query : 2013ApJ...771...18G

2013ApJ...771...18G - Astrophys. J., 771, 18 (2013/July-1)

An understanding of the shoulder of giants: jovian planets around late K dwarf stars and the trend with stellar mass.

GAIDOS E., FISCHER D.A., MANN A.W. and HOWARD A.W.

Abstract (from CDS):

Analyses of exoplanet statistics suggest a trend of giant planet occurrence with host star mass, a clue to how planets like Jupiter form. One missing piece of the puzzle is the occurrence around late K dwarf stars (masses of 0.5-0.75 M and effective temperatures of 3900-4800 K). We analyzed four years of Doppler radial velocity (RVs) data for 110 late K dwarfs, one of which hosts two previously reported giant planets. We estimate that 4.0% ±2.3% of these stars have Saturn-mass or larger planets with orbital periods <245 days, depending on the planet mass distribution and RV variability of stars without giant planets. We also estimate that 0.7%±0.5% of similar stars observed by Kepler have giant planets. This Kepler rate is significantly (99% confidence) lower than that derived from our Doppler survey, but the difference vanishes if only the single Doppler system (HIP 57274) with completely resolved orbits is considered. The difference could also be explained by the exclusion of close binaries (without giant planets) from the Doppler but not Kepler surveys, the effect of long-period companions and stellar noise on the Doppler data, or an intrinsic difference between the two populations. Our estimates for late K dwarfs bridge those for solar-type stars and M dwarfs, and support a positive trend with stellar mass. Small sample size precludes statements about finer structure, e.g., a "shoulder" in the distribution of giant planets with stellar mass. Future surveys such as the Next Generation Transit Survey and the Transiting Exoplanet Satellite Survey will ameliorate this deficiency.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): astrobiology - planetary systems - planets and satellites: formation - stars: fundamental parameters - techniques: radial velocities

Simbad objects: 135

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Number of rows : 135
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 BD+18 15 PM* 00 13 24.6381123061 +19 04 16.809350241   11.05   9.525   K6/7V 18 0
2 BD-10 47 PM* 00 19 05.5623884247 -09 57 53.468670700 12.434 11.246 9.897 9.061 8.311 M0V 51 0
3 BD-17 63 PM* 00 28 34.3058646583 -16 13 34.837444133   10.77 9.720 9.666   K4Vk: 59 1
4 BD-17 63b Pl 00 28 34.3061125963 -16 13 34.841385377           ~ 18 1
5 BD+33 99 PM* 00 43 32.8583711732 +33 50 40.418720721   9.88   8.816   K5-V 65 0
6 HD 5425 PM* 00 55 49.2561800114 -29 40 33.446572209   10.92 9.59     K4.5Vk: 39 0
7 HD 5351 PM* 00 57 04.4100969645 +69 02 36.436427782   10.13   8.5   K4V 79 0
8 BD-11 192 PM* 01 02 21.1341944376 -10 25 25.892784984 12.637 11.389 9.993 9.131 8.348 M0V 51 0
9 CD-23 395b Pl 01 06 02.0494092766 -22 27 11.353493137           ~ 15 1
10 BD+63 137 PM* 01 07 08.1981313437 +63 56 28.778073512   10.28   8.2   K7V 104 0
11 HD 7279 PM* 01 12 46.1310117600 -25 14 08.082520404 12.066 10.825 9.539 8.759 8.094 K6Vk: 30 0
12 BD+79 38 PM* 01 21 30.9119230992 +80 09 06.479843688   11.04   9.318   K5V 47 0
13 BD+30 331 PM* 02 05 49.2901831176 +30 47 01.931310636   11.00   9.1   K6 21 0
14 BD-21 397 PM* 02 13 12.1646448572 -21 11 47.236445780 12.468 11.195 9.831 9.002 8.257 K7V 43 0
15 HD 13789 PM* 02 14 13.5707757024 -03 38 06.733840524 10.554 9.609 8.536 7.913 7.386 K3/4V 63 0
16 HD 14635 PM* 02 21 44.4173415072 -06 52 46.311947292   10.14 9.05 9.436   K4-V 57 0
17 BD+00 444 PM* 02 40 42.8731455508 +01 11 55.240318110 11.847 10.712 9.509 8.769 8.131 K7V 100 0
18 BD+33 529 PM* 02 52 07.1372774710 +34 23 21.668274835   10.89   8.8   K4 71 0
19 BD+11 444 PM* 03 10 15.1680640416 +12 03 01.938254400   10.61   8.5   K3 30 0
20 HD 20280 PM* 03 14 44.6243542392 -26 26 46.495674564 11.558 10.387 9.141 8.383 7.739 K5.5Vk: 61 0
21 BD+07 499 PM* 03 20 29.1950778120 +08 27 16.023452076   10.766   9.321   K4/5V 46 0
22 HD 20868b Pl 03 20 42.6938865769 -33 43 48.373945247           ~ 19 1
23 HD 232781 PM* 03 21 54.7565074830 +52 19 53.481381102 12.512     8.4   K3.5V 49 0
24 BD+15 495 PM* 03 30 53.7323474904 +16 27 56.292733368   10.45 9.35     K2 4 0
25 CD-24 1826 PM* 03 42 44.6762657187 -24 27 58.772091562   10.33 9.192     K4.5V 54 0
26 BD+11 514 PM* 03 44 51.1255077098 +11 55 12.014436874 11.482 10.289 9.079 8.355 7.757 K4/5V 54 0
27 BD-21 784 PM* 04 06 34.8417513083 -20 51 11.227800172 12.095 10.904 9.675 8.93 8.309 K7V 69 0
28 HD 284310 SB* 04 17 06.8728209864 +22 40 23.932229592   10.94 9.77 9.458   K7V 39 0
29 BD+47 977 * 04 21 35.8837607016 +48 20 13.186821192   10.80 9.62     K8 43 0
30 * 111 Tau B PM* 05 23 38.3794959384 +17 19 26.820864372 10.093 9.048 7.919 7.266 6.703 K4V 122 0
31 HD 244957 PM* 05 35 00.8532133628 +28 05 54.635681572   11.38   9.3   K5 30 0
32 BD+73 300 PM* 05 51 49.6711405104 +73 51 09.910189980       9.203   K4V 8 0
33 BD+63 639 PM* 06 13 35.2818462024 +63 23 38.905938024   10.92 9.67 9.36   K8/M0V 34 0
34 HD 288595 PM* 06 20 13.2045076224 +02 15 32.067301464       9.0   M0 24 0
35 HD 45977 PM* 06 30 07.3034607672 -11 48 32.192061732   10.25 9.10     K4+Vk: 44 0
36 BD+52 1088 ** 06 32 16.509744 +52 24 44.48412   11.023 9.762 9.346   K4V 31 1
37 HD 48948 PM* 06 49 57.0255569843 +60 20 07.960563701   9.82   7.9   K3V 81 0
38 HD 49601 PM* 06 51 32.3938070547 +47 22 04.146058752   10.21   8.2   K6V 66 0
39 BD+20 1633B PM* 06 56 03.8600926080 +20 05 00.941355312   10.85 9.98     ~ 1 0
40 HD 267636 * 06 59 54.3434999136 +08 24 28.480570200   11.06 9.68     K5 3 0
41 HAT-P-20b Pl 07 27 39.9487418539 +24 20 11.518276475           ~ 71 1
42 HD 59582 PM* 07 31 07.7116361934 +14 36 50.915428835 11.133 10.065 8.926 8.255 7.678 K5 61 0
43 HD 63454b Pl 07 39 21.8536904513 -78 16 44.307904025           ~ 32 1
44 BD+02 1766 PM* 07 45 01.1799916056 +02 08 14.584909056 12.872 11.551 10.170 9.324 8.576 K7V 44 0
45 HD 233453 PM* 07 48 39.5591012401 +53 38 54.819970270   9.92 8.87 8.918   K3.5V 35 0
46 BD-14 2308 PM* 07 58 25.5865280832 -15 01 13.684440684   10.48 9.36     M0 17 0
47 HD 68834 PM* 08 14 35.9143163838 +13 01 22.175088893 11.156 10.008 8.797 8.091 7.487 K5V 40 0
48 BD+31 1781 PM* 08 18 10.7789619985 +30 36 02.943571061   9.97   8.2   K4.5V 61 0
49 BD+14 1876 PM* 08 20 55.3290776448 +14 04 16.797469944 12.332 11.068 9.748 8.953 8.265 M0V 50 0
50 BD+22 1921 PM* 08 23 30.9116774644 +21 50 57.685607061   10.72   8.7   K4 48 0
51 BD+29 1754 PM* 08 27 11.4332766733 +28 55 53.114096035   10.79   8.9   K8 31 0
52 HD 73554 PM* 08 40 36.6331181499 +43 06 49.435341132   10.39   8.6   K4 43 0
53 BD+66 582 PM* 08 52 00.3480148704 +66 07 53.387584968   10.63 9.28     K5 57 0
54 BD+35 1890 PM* 08 53 47.2549895905 +35 13 19.812158765   10.41   8.4   K3 40 0
55 BD+21 1949 PM* 08 58 38.1795955716 +20 32 48.302170064 11.395 10.361 9.214 8.504 7.907 M0 59 0
56 BD+73 447 PM* 09 10 27.2598044993 +73 24 23.937342081   11.43   9.3   K7 32 0
57 BD+27 1739 PM* 09 18 21.5220147576 +27 18 41.637349800       8.8   K5 18 0
58 HD 80632 PM* 09 20 44.3171955526 -05 45 14.296105944 11.398 10.259 9.082 8.388 7.82 K4V 62 0
59 HD 80768 PM* 09 26 53.1296623164 +75 56 03.340087135   10.22   8.932   K7V 51 0
60 BD+81 297 PM* 09 27 56.1792256467 +80 34 48.812467777   10.53   9.079   K7V 51 0
61 BD+23 2121 PM* 09 37 11.3403285600 +22 41 38.911394436 11.962 10.694 9.406 8.628 7.96 K5 51 0
62 BD+70 578 PM* 09 48 49.8276250503 +69 45 55.614204185   17.9   9.323   M1V 26 0
63 HD 85512 PM* 09 51 07.0518026760 -43 30 10.023686079 9.963 8.83 7.651 6.934 6.319 K6Vk: 188 1
64 HD 85488 PM* 09 52 11.3628325598 +03 13 18.625276391 11.291 10.079 8.840 8.112 7.513 K5V 73 0
65 BD+32 1954 PM* 09 56 30.0581225952 +31 44 17.976992280       9.2   K5 16 0
66 BD-08 2823b Pl 10 00 47.7205821457 -09 31 00.042816900           ~ 21 1
67 WASP-43 PM* 10 19 38.0088913464 -09 48 22.605801336   13.4 12.4 12.08 11.10 K7V 125 1
68 WASP-43b Pl 10 19 38.0089444408 -09 48 22.603103969           ~ 311 1
69 BD+78 345 PM* 10 24 25.7120691336 +77 28 15.693922668       10.188   K5V 24 0
70 BD-20 3194 PM* 10 30 21.9651503626 -21 14 12.412049270   10.84 9.66     K5Vk: 29 0
71 BD+76 404 PM* 10 54 26.5089168644 +76 03 56.707851464   10.70   9.215   K6V 52 0
72 HD 96692 PM* 11 08 31.7622892248 +15 46 03.420835327   10.89   9.450   K5+V 65 0
73 HD 97214 PM* 11 11 10.7007596471 -10 57 03.191648040 11.26 10.333 9.219 8.531 7.945 K5V 76 0
74 HD 97503 PM* 11 13 13.2346348187 +04 28 56.435525801 11 9.79 9.32 8.84 7.335 K5V 87 0
75 BD+47 1863 PM* 11 22 05.7526264056 +46 54 30.179830320       9.419   K6V 27 0
76 BD+40 2442 PM* 11 36 40.8898239767 +39 11 26.246555049   11.39   9.558   K5V 44 0
77 BD+31 2290d Pl 11 44 40.9643175151 +30 57 33.450850075           ~ 8 1
78 BD+31 2290c Pl 11 44 40.9643175151 +30 57 33.450850075           ~ 11 1
79 BD+31 2290 PM* 11 44 40.9643370921 +30 57 33.448132849   10.09   8.3   K4V 75 1
80 BD+51 1697 PM* 11 47 03.4986916992 +50 58 18.499599912   10.83 9.534 9.209   K4V 40 0
81 HD 238087 PM* 12 12 05.2231541016 +58 55 35.008503240   11.4 10.021 9.633   K5V 50 0
82 BD+22 2471 PM* 12 25 34.9835282280 +21 49 56.305615584   11.20   9.736   K4V 22 0
83 BD+32 2274 PM* 12 47 20.1156407856 +31 12 49.002147468   11.13   9.416   K7V 35 0
84 HD 111996 PM* 12 52 48.5838785160 +33 44 15.256596696   10.48   9.269   K4V 43 0
85 HD 113538c Pl 13 04 57.4764463511 -52 26 34.528444847           ~ 9 1
86 HD 113538b Pl 13 04 57.4764463511 -52 26 34.528444847           ~ 9 1
87 HD 113827 PM* 13 05 41.4079741200 +49 28 18.964736040   10.44   9.074   K4V 43 0
88 BD+35 2406 PM* 13 07 35.0631085920 +34 24 06.062444892   10.50 9.40 9.07   K3V 42 0
89 BD+10 2518 PM* 13 10 16.9739296512 +09 32 09.940064136   10.38   8.6   K5 20 0
90 BD+75 510 PM* 13 32 41.0148971364 +75 00 24.805212562       9.782   M0V 41 0
91 BD+05 2767 PM* 13 34 21.5019384648 +04 40 02.641791324 12.601 11.34 9.927 9.048 8.213 K5V 64 0
92 HD 118206 PM* 13 35 06.3224706912 +06 50 27.645945756   9.99 8.93     K2 17 0
93 HD 119217 PM* 13 41 55.6888831143 -00 07 44.911323854 12.343 11.03 9.75 8.942 9.257 M0V 89 0
94 G 256-11 PM* 13 53 47.1497427048 +78 51 06.810529248       10.113   M2V 44 0
95 CD-45 9206b Pl 14 29 18.5642661553 -46 27 49.735036307           ~ 12 1
96 CD-45 9206 PM* 14 29 18.5643592920 -46 27 49.737783060 13.059 11.798 10.376 9.492 8.637 K7Vk 52 1
97 CD-23 12010 PM* 15 00 19.3983970152 -24 27 14.693874372   11.15 9.937 9.843   K7V 22 0
98 BD+11 2811 PM* 15 27 38.0194585327 +10 35 39.098749794       9.496   K5V 32 0
99 HD 142288 PM* 15 54 38.4285753336 -26 00 15.048579168   10.35 9.22 8.57 8.77 K5V 30 0
100 MCC 755 PM* 15 57 49.6231751872 +59 16 15.696633387       9.895   K5V 33 0
101 G 153-25 PM* 16 07 34.3101445128 -05 42 25.967613060   11.71 10.41 10.16   K7V 19 1
102 G 180-45 PM* 16 15 54.8966864184 +35 49 16.183487712       9.350   K5V 28 0
103 HD 162598 PM* 17 52 16.6058735465 -07 33 37.465678936   11.06 9.955 9.896   K6V 31 0
104 BD+49 2743 PM* 18 10 56.2682441136 +49 58 15.962418660   11.367 9.959 9.572   K6V 25 0
105 KOI-1466 Ro* 18 59 23.9744942472 +46 08 20.168650392           ~ 30 0
106 HD 178126 PM* 19 07 02.0407765619 +07 36 57.153485718 11.243 10.297 9.215 8.559 7.996 K5V 65 0
107 Kepler-785 Ro* 19 28 16.3968401760 +38 50 32.146033884           M1V 37 0
108 KOI-868 Ro* 19 32 01.9102532400 +42 18 25.914368088           M1V 37 0
109 HD 355784 PM* 19 43 25.3357313496 +10 05 22.245455148 12.454 11.244 9.958 9.17 8.51 M0 36 0
110 KOI-1552 Ro* 19 55 42.2214618528 +43 45 01.290148956           ~ 23 0
111 BD+06 4450 PM* 20 08 24.3667909488 +06 40 43.456973520   10.99   9.2   K8 30 0
112 BD-03 4797 PM* 20 09 41.0113367208 -03 07 44.437913472   10.84 9.59     K4 27 0
113 WASP-80b Pl 20 12 40.1691752075 -02 08 39.191157456           ~ 96 1
114 WASP-80 PM* 20 12 40.1693365800 -02 08 39.187438476   12.810 11.939 11.510 10.279 K7V-M0V 59 1
115 Qatar 1b Pl 20 13 31.6176375816 +65 09 43.490914045           ~ 68 1
116 BD+33 3936 PM* 20 31 32.0718640320 +33 46 33.134277540   10.31 9.20     K4V 58 0
117 BD-21 5811 PM* 20 44 00.6564065472 -21 21 20.847855780   11.10 9.91 9.34 9.02 K7V 40 0
118 BD+70 1157 PM* 21 00 03.4381895448 +70 40 07.246183080   10.41   8.6   K4V 23 0
119 HD 200779 PM* 21 05 19.7460464579 +07 04 09.472937911 10.723 9.518 8.272 7.519 6.909 K6V 142 0
120 HD 203040 PM* 21 20 13.8213371190 -19 51 08.223845338 11.706 10.452 9.086 8.244 7.497 K6.5Vk 68 0
121 BD+67 1424 PM* 22 16 31.7888037099 +68 20 23.255230896   10.40   8.4   K5-V 47 0
122 G 241-8 PM* 22 26 32.6775182880 +63 52 45.031674180       8.8   K5V 26 0
123 HD 239999 PM* 22 34 50.3063319696 +58 48 08.740473588       8.6   K5V 14 0
124 BD+17 4808 PM* 22 47 13.6095333000 +18 23 04.202882556   10.07   8.993   K3.5Vk 40 0
125 BD+22 4725 PM* 22 52 02.5193077680 +23 24 47.658310920   11.06   9.423   K5V 26 0
126 HD 218294 PM* 23 07 07.0591829880 -23 09 34.026856776 12.147 10.946 9.640 8.842 8.159 K6Vk 60 0
127 WASP-10b Pl 23 15 58.3005497925 +31 27 46.294728182           ~ 104 1
128 BD+08 5036 PM* 23 17 32.3250472320 +09 41 36.748819572   10.84 9.75     K4V 33 0
129 WASP-59b Pl 23 18 29.5475402270 +24 53 21.436409769           ~ 29 1
130 G 130-9 PM* 23 45 49.5009650383 +36 15 18.178915730   11.23   9.503   K4V 46 0
131 BD+34 5013 PM* 23 49 28.9501131336 +35 39 51.064464744   10.51   9.162   K4V 35 0
132 BD+29 5007 PM* 23 50 27.8618776464 +30 21 11.730751776 11.79 10.60 9.34 9.155 7.945 K5V 54 0
133 HD 224129 PM* 23 55 26.5985553648 +22 11 35.818502316   9.828 9.236 8.903   K3V 32 0
134 HD 224607 PM* 23 59 13.6994608776 -26 02 55.488097320 10.666 9.755 8.697 8.08 7.556 K4Vk: 26 0
135 HD 224660 ** 23 59 47.78721 +06 39 50.9599       8.94   K4V 20 0

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2023.01.30-05:21:19

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