Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 202, 17 (2012/October-0)
A detailed far-ultraviolet spectral atlas of O-type stars.
Abstract (from CDS):
In this paper, we present a spectral atlas covering the wavelength interval 930-1188 Å for O2-O9.5 stars using Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer archival data. The stars selected for the atlas were drawn from three populations: Galactic main-sequence (classes III-V) stars, supergiants, and main-sequence stars in the Magellanic Clouds, which have low metallicities. For several of these stars, we have prepared FITS files comprised of pairs of merged spectra for user access via the Multimission Archive at Space Telescope (MAST). We chose spectra from the first population with spectral types O4, O5, O6, O7, O8, and O9.5 and used them to compile tables and figures with identifications of all possible atmospheric and interstellar medium lines in the region 949-1188 Å. Our identified line totals for these six representative spectra are 821 (500), 992 (663), 1077 (749), 1178 (847), 1359 (1001), and 1798 (1392) lines, respectively, where the numbers in parentheses are the totals of lines formed in the atmospheres, according to spectral synthesis models. The total number of unique atmospheric identifications for the six main-sequence O-star template spectra is 1792, whereas the number of atmospheric lines in common to these spectra is 300. The number of identified lines decreases toward earlier types (increasing effective temperature), while the percentages of "missed" features (unknown lines not predicted from our spectral syntheses) drop from a high of 8% at type B0.2, from our recently published B-star far-UV atlas, to 1%-3% for type O spectra. The percentages of overpredicted lines are similar, despite their being much higher for B-star spectra. We discuss the statistics of line populations among the various elemental ionization states. Also, as an aid to users we list those isolated lines that can be used to determine stellar temperatures and the presence of possible chemical anomalies. Finally, we have prepared FITS files that give pairs of merged spectra for stars in our population sequences, for access via MAST.
atlases - line: identification - stars: early-type - ultraviolet: stars
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJS/202/17): table1.dat table3.dat table4.dat table6.dat>
MPG 342 = Cl* NGC 346 W 4, MPG 355 = Cl* NGC 346 W 3. LMC 2-755 = [MLD95] LMC 2-755
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