Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 194, 43 (2011/June-0)
The Spitzer survey of interstellar clouds in the Gould Belt. III. A multi-wavelength view of Corona Australis.
PETERSON D.E., CARATTI O GARATTI A., BOURKE T.L., FORBRICH J., GUTERMUTH R.A., JORGENSEN J.K., ALLEN L.E., PATTEN B.M., DUNHAM M.M., HARVEY P.M., MERIN B., CHAPMAN N.L., CIEZA L.A., HUARD T.L., KNEZ C., PRAGER B. and EVANS N.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present Spitzer Space Telescope IRAC and MIPS observations of a 0.85 deg2 field including the Corona Australis (CrA) star-forming region. At a distance of 130 pc, CrA is one of the closest regions known to be actively forming stars, particularly within its embedded association, the Coronet. Using the Spitzer data, we identify 51 young stellar objects (YSOs) in CrA which include sources in the well-studied Coronet cluster as well as sources distributed throughout the molecular cloud. Twelve of the YSOs discussed are new candidates, one of which is located in the Coronet. Known YSOs retrieved from the literature are also added to the list, and a total of 116 candidate YSOs in CrA are compiled. Based on these YSO candidates, the star formation rate is computed to be 12 M☉/Myr, similar to that of the Lupus clouds. A clustering analysis was also performed, finding that the main cluster core, consisting of 68 members, is elongated (having an aspect ratio of 2.36), with a circular radius of 0.59 pc and mean surface density of 150/pc2. In addition, we analyze outflows and jets in CrA by means of new CO and H2data. We present 1.3 mm interferometric continuum observations made with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) covering R CrA, IRS 5, IRS 7, and IRAS 18595-3712 (IRAS 32). We also present multi-epoch H2 maps and detect jets and outflows, study their proper motions, and identify exciting sources. The Spitzer and ISAAC/VLT observations of IRAS 32 show a bipolar precessing jet, which drives a CO(2-1) outflow detected in the SMA observations. There is also clear evidence for a parsec-scale precessing outflow, which is east-west oriented and originates in the SMA 2 region and likely driven by SMA 2 or IRS 7A.
infrared: general - ISM: clouds - ISM: individual: Corona Australis - ISM: jets and outflows - stars: formation - stars: pre-main sequence
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJS/194/43): table4.dat table5.dat table6.dat table7.dat table11.dat table12.dat refs.dat notes.dat>
Tables 4-6: [PCB2011] CrA-NN (Nos 1-77). Paragr. 6.1, Appendix D: [PCB2011] Spitzer outflow N (Nos 1-2), [PCB2011] IRAS 32 outflow N=1.
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