2009ApJ...702.1413M


Query : 2009ApJ...702.1413M

2009ApJ...702.1413M - Astrophys. J., 702, 1413-1427 (2009/September-2)

Inflating and deflating hot jupiters: coupled tidal and thermal evolution of known transiting planets.

MILLER N., FORTNEY J.J. and JACKSON B.

Abstract (from CDS):

We examine the radius evolution of close in giant planets with a planet evolution model that couples the orbital-tidal and thermal evolution. For 45 transiting systems, we compute a large grid of cooling/contraction paths forward in time, starting from a large phase space of initial semimajor axes and eccentricities. Given observational constraints at the current time for a given planet (semimajor axis, eccentricity, and system age), we find possible evolutionary paths that match these constraints, and compare the calculated radii to observations. We find that tidal evolution has two effects. First, planets start their evolution at larger semimajor axis, allowing them to contract more efficiently at earlier times. Second, tidal heating can significantly inflate the radius when the orbit is being circularized, but this effect on the radius is short-lived thereafter. Often circularization of the orbit is proceeded by a long period while the semimajor axis slowly decreases. Some systems with previously unexplained large radii that we can reproduce with our coupled model are HAT-P-7, HAT-P-9, WASP-10, and XO-4. This increases the number of planets for which we can match the radius from 24 (of 45) to as many as 35 for our standard case, but for some of these systems we are required to be viewing them at a special time around the era of current radius inflation. This is a concern for the viability of tidal inflation as a general mechanism to explain most inflated radii. Also, large initial eccentricities would have to be common. We also investigate the evolution of models that have a floor on the eccentricity, as may be due to a perturber. In this scenario, we match the extremely large radius of WASP-12b. This work may cast some doubt on our ability to accurately determine the interior heavy element enrichment of normal, noninflated close in planets, because of our dearth of knowledge about these planets' previous orbital-tidal histories. Finally, we find that the end state of most close in planetary systems is disruption of the planet as it moves ever closer to its parent star.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): planetary systems - planets and satellites: general

Simbad objects: 85

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Number of rows : 85
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 WASP-1 V* 00 20 40.0745768856 +31 59 23.954809596   12.06 11.31     F7V 114 1
2 WASP-1b Pl 00 20 40.0746033057 +31 59 23.953709844           ~ 127 1
3 * ups And b Pl 01 36 47.84216 +41 24 19.6443           ~ 265 1
4 HD 17156b Pl 02 49 44.4866941172 +71 45 11.632197644           ~ 175 1
5 WASP-11b Pl 03 09 28.5427034552 +30 40 24.868785834           ~ 66 1
6 WASP-11 ** 03 09 28.5433589520 +30 40 24.862993356   12.58 11.57 11.42   K3V 79 1
7 BD+57 793b Pl 04 21 52.7044170433 +57 49 01.892074012           ~ 203 1
8 BD+57 793 * 04 21 52.7048156328 +57 49 01.889294952   10.27 9.85     F5V 145 2
9 WASP-12 ** 06 30 32.7966092352 +29 40 20.263502460   12.14 11.57     G0V 282 2
10 WASP-12b Pl 06 30 32.7966788910 +29 40 20.266334158           G0 699 1
11 CoRoT-1 * 06 48 19.1723766840 -03 06 07.710745140     13.6 13.44 12.88 G0V 120 2
12 CoRoT-1b Pl 06 48 19.1724141241 -03 06 07.710423478           ~ 168 1
13 CoRoT-4b Pl 06 48 46.7133639143 -00 40 21.969520601           ~ 62 1
14 CoRoT-4 * 06 48 46.7134456728 -00 40 21.969631416       13.42   F0V 68 1
15 HAT-P-9b Pl 07 20 40.4562402899 +37 08 26.342807726           ~ 60 1
16 HAT-P-9 * 07 20 40.4564614032 +37 08 26.342829060   12.35 12.34 12.08   F 52 1
17 XO-4b Pl 07 21 33.1602110129 +58 16 05.111704885           ~ 62 1
18 XO-4 * 07 21 33.1602434760 +58 16 05.109533364   11.15 10.81     ~ 59 1
19 XO-5 * 07 46 51.9614762400 +39 05 40.460854956     12.1 11.95   G8V 47 1
20 XO-5b Pl 07 46 51.9615004947 +39 05 40.460564688           ~ 49 1
21 BD+50 1471b Pl 07 48 06.4723053776 +50 13 32.920598923           ~ 150 1
22 BD+50 1471 PM* 07 48 06.4723053776 +50 13 32.920598923   12.002 11.138 10.669 10.243 G9V 162 1
23 NAME OGLE-TR 211b Pl 10 40 14.3825488221 -62 27 20.019051097           ~ 29 1
24 OGLE-TR 211 * 10 40 14.3828284632 -62 27 20.018236464       15.24   ~ 34 1
25 OGLE-TR 132 V* 10 50 34.5943868112 -61 57 26.138690064         15.72 F 96 1
26 NAME OGLE-TR-132b Pl 10 50 34.5945727713 -61 57 26.140283621           ~ 103 1
27 NAME OGLE-TR-113b Pl 10 52 24.2808297652 -61 26 48.845891762           ~ 115 1
28 OGLE-TR 113 SB* 10 52 24.2810533560 -61 26 48.845675976     16.08 15.41 14.42 K 116 1
29 NAME OGLE-TR-111b Pl 10 53 17.8066842748 -61 24 20.606379347           ~ 111 1
30 OGLE-TR 111 V* 10 53 17.8069115424 -61 24 20.607791112     16.96 16.05 15.55 G 92 1
31 NAME OGLE-TR 182b Pl 11 09 18.7248184151 -61 05 42.963716098           ~ 36 1
32 OGLE-TR 182 * 11 09 18.7248783144 -61 05 42.962710884     16.84 16.37   ~ 35 1
33 Ross 905b Pl 11 42 11.0933874353 +26 42 23.658083337           ~ 739 1
34 HAT-P-3 * 13 44 22.5937349736 +48 01 43.205733624   12.53 11.86     K1V 79 1
35 HAT-P-3b Pl 13 44 22.5939154049 +48 01 43.206257583           ~ 86 1
36 * tau Boo b Pl 13 47 15.74340 +17 27 24.8552           ~ 269 1
37 HAT-P-12 PM* 13 57 33.4668726399 +43 29 36.601508739   12.6 12.84     K5 76 1
38 BD+22 2716 * 14 33 06.3571702344 +21 53 40.981395876   10.194 9.745     F5V 93 1
39 BD+22 2716b Pl 14 33 06.3573673505 +21 53 40.982782397           ~ 151 1
40 BD+36 2593 * 15 19 57.9203617176 +36 13 46.738078788   11.83 11.12     F 100 1
41 BD+36 2593b Pl 15 19 57.9205371377 +36 13 46.737977732           ~ 75 1
42 BD+28 2507 V* 16 02 11.8462322592 +28 10 10.420201452   11.88 11.25     G1V 99 1
43 BD+28 2507b Pl 16 02 11.8463105423 +28 10 10.419642379           ~ 174 1
44 HD 147506 * 16 20 36.3576063720 +41 02 53.106772488   9.15 8.69     F8V 158 2
45 HD 147506b Pl 16 20 36.3579144486 +41 02 53.109043943           ~ 240 1
46 HD 149026b Pl 16 30 29.6184841164 +38 20 50.310893575           ~ 330 1
47 NAME OGLE-TR-10b Pl 17 51 28.2589927588 -29 52 35.232998832           ~ 87 1
48 OGLE-TR 10 EB* 17 51 28.2593510544 -29 52 35.231024064     15.780 16.193 14.92 G2V 89 1
49 TrES-3 Pl 17 52 07.0185036683 +37 32 46.237002085           ~ 218 2
50 TrES-4 Pl 17 53 13.0490781575 +37 12 42.586106196           ~ 197 2
51 NAME OGLE-TR-56b Pl 17 56 35.5015759807 -29 32 21.476706712           ~ 199 1
52 OGLE-TR 56 EB* 17 56 35.5016678064 -29 32 21.479240220     16.560 16.07 15.30 ~ 166 1
53 HAT-P-5 * 18 17 37.3126923960 +36 37 17.170401468   12.92 11.95     G1V 61 1
54 HAT-P-5b Pl 18 17 37.3127577964 +36 37 17.168584830           ~ 60 1
55 BD+35 3293 V* 18 34 31.6252443960 +35 39 41.491899468   11.07 10.63 10.52   F7V 122 1
56 BD+35 3293b Pl 18 34 31.6255913635 +35 39 41.489193276           ~ 111 1
57 NAME V672 Lyr b Pl 19 04 09.8516024106 +36 37 57.445911611           ~ 325 1
58 Kepler-1b Pl 19 07 14.0379171930 +49 18 59.090895318           ~ 313 2
59 CoRoT-2 * 19 27 06.4944378024 +01 23 01.359897468   13.422 12.568 12.204 11.49 G7V+K9V 239 2
60 CoRoT-2b Pl 19 27 06.4944821296 +01 23 01.357597206           ~ 221 1
61 BD+47 2846b Pl 19 28 59.3538131541 +47 58 10.216250846           ~ 344 1
62 BD+47 2846 Er* 19 28 59.3538826128 +47 58 10.217007804   10.97 10.48     F6V 289 2
63 BD+47 2936 EB* 19 50 50.2472976936 +48 04 51.101390496       8.8   K4V 269 2
64 BD+47 2936b Pl 19 50 50.2474562793 +48 04 51.097364378           ~ 375 1
65 HD 189733b Pl 20 00 43.7130382888 +22 42 39.071811263           ~ 1323 1
66 WASP-2b Pl 20 30 54.1279218812 +06 25 46.338261893           ~ 99 1
67 WASP-2 V* 20 30 54.1282355304 +06 25 46.341284844   13 11.98     K1.5 130 1
68 HD 197286b Pl 20 44 10.2207500229 -39 13 30.859306335           ~ 61 1
69 HD 197286 PM* 20 44 10.2208462488 -39 13 30.855881604   9.98 9.50     F5V 75 1
70 HD 209458 V* 22 03 10.7727465312 +18 53 03.549393384   8.21 7.63     F9V 1070 1
71 HD 209458b Pl 22 03 10.7729598762 +18 53 03.548248479           ~ 1741 1
72 BD+34 4779b Pl 22 52 09.8635559135 +35 26 49.606963112           ~ 75 1
73 BD+34 4779 PM* 22 52 09.8636387352 +35 26 49.608422844   10.77 10.36 10.15   F8V 76 1
74 BD+37 4734B PM* 22 57 46.8442481880 +38 40 30.358351704   10.82 9.87     G0V 158 1
75 NAME BD+37 4734Bb Pl 22 57 46.8443014981 +38 40 30.355384717           ~ 230 1
76 WASP-6 * 23 12 37.7368282608 -22 40 26.273805024   12.90 11.91     G8V 86 1
77 WASP-6b Pl 23 12 37.7368657624 -22 40 26.277489164           ~ 123 1
78 WASP-10b Pl 23 15 58.3005497925 +31 27 46.294728182           ~ 104 1
79 WASP-10 V* 23 15 58.3006181424 +31 27 46.296056268   12.4   12.03   K5V 85 1
80 WASP-4 PM* 23 34 15.0857248317 -42 03 41.047972591   13.51 12.48 11.9   G7V 159 1
81 WASP-4b Pl 23 34 15.0857248317 -42 03 41.047972591           ~ 156 1
82 BD+41 4831b Pl 23 39 05.8101319829 +42 27 57.503480354           ~ 81 1
83 BD+41 4831 * 23 39 05.8102996968 +42 27 57.505293900   10.88 10.47     F8V 80 1
84 WASP-5 V* 23 57 23.7564672192 -41 16 37.743700800   12.808 12.146 12.058 11.44 G4V 112 1
85 WASP-5b Pl 23 57 23.7565609528 -41 16 37.745589460           ~ 89 1

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2023.01.28-11:16:39

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