Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 505, 249-263 (2009/10-1)
Binary planetary nebulae nuclei towards the Galactic bulge. II. A penchant for bipolarity and low-ionisation structures.
MISZALSKI B., ACKER A., PARKER Q.A. and MOFFAT A.F.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Considerable effort has been applied towards understanding the precise shaping mechanisms responsible for the diverse range of morphologies exhibited by planetary nebulae (PNe). At least 10-20% of PNe have central stars (CSPN) with a close binary companion thought responsible for heavily shaping the ejected PN during common-envelope (CE) evolution, however morphological studies of the few available examples found no clear distinction between PNe and post-CE PNe. The discovery of several new binary central stars (CSPN) from the OGLE-III photometric variability survey has significantly increased the number of post-CE PNe available for morphological analysis to 30 PNe. High quality Gemini South narrow-band images are presented for most of the OGLE sample, while some previously known post-CE PNe are reanalysed with images from the literature. Nearly 30% of nebulae have canonical bipolar morphologies, however this could be as high as 60% once inclination effects are incorporated with the aid of geometric models. This is the strongest observational evidence yet linking CE evolution to bipolar morphologies. A higher than average proportion of the sample shows low-ionisation knots, filaments or jets suggesting they have a binary origin. These features are also common in nebulae around emission-line nuclei which may be explained by speculative binary formation scenarios for H-deficient CSPN.
ISM: planetary nebulae: general - stars: binaries: close