SIMBAD references

1998AJ....115.2397E - Astron. J., 115, 2397-2434 (1998/June-0)

Kinematics and metallicity of stars in the solar region.


Abstract (from CDS):

Several samples of nearby stars with the most accurate astrometric and photometric parameters are searched for clues to their evolutionary history. The main samples are (1) the main-sequence stars with b - y between 0.29 and 0.59 mag (F3 to K1) in the Yale parallax catalog, (2) a group of high-velocity subgiants studied spectroscopically by Ryan & Lambert, and (3) high-velocity main-sequence stars in the extensive investigation by Norris, Bessel, & Pickles. The major conclusions are as follows: (1) The oldest stars (halo), t ≥ 10-12 Gyr, have V-velocities (in the direction of Galactic rotation and referred to the Sun) in the range from about -50 to -800 km.s–1 and have a heavy-element abundance [Fe/H] of less than about -0.8 dex. The age range of these objects depends on our knowledge of globular cluster ages, but if age is correlated with V-velocity, the youngest may be M22 and M28 (V ∼ -50 km.s–1) and the oldest NGC 3201 (V ∼ -500 km.s–1) and assorted field stars. (2) The old disk population covers the large age range from about 2 Gyr (Hyades, NGC 752) to 10 or 12 Gyr (Arcturus group, 47 Tuc), but the lag (V) velocity is restricted to less than about 120 km.s–1 and [Fe/H] ≥ -0.8 or -0.9 dex. The [Fe/H] ∼ -0.8 dex division between halo and old disk, near t ∼ 10-12 Gyr, is marked by a change in the character of the CN index (Cm) and of the blanketing parameter K of the DDO photometry. (3) The young disk population, t < 2 Gyr, is confined exclusively to a well-defined area of the (U, V) velocity plane. The age separating young and old disk stars is also that separating giant evolution of the Hyades (near main-sequence luminosity) and M67 (degenerate helium cores and a large luminosity rise) kinds. The two disk populations are also separated by such indexes as the g-index of Geveva photometry. There appears to be no obvious need to invoke exogeneous influences to understand the motion and heavy-element abundance distributions of the best-observed stars near the Sun. Individual stars of special interest include the parallax star HD 55575, which may be an equal-component binary, and the high-velocity star HD 220127, with a well-determined space velocity near 1000 km.s–1.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Stars: Abundances - Stars: Kinematics

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/AJ/115/2397): tables 1 to 18>

CDS comments: Table 10, part A : PHI 14/3 4 misprint for 4/3 4 (in SIMBAD : [MFF90] PHI 4/3 4), 959 11 56 misprint, correct in part B (in SIMBAD : [MFF90] 959 11 58).

Simbad objects: 994

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