1995A&A...293..871C


Query : 1995A&A...293..871C

1995A&A...293..871C - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 293, 871-888 (1995/1-3)

Morphological populations of planetary nebulae: which progenitors? I. Comparative properties of bipolar nebulae.

CORRADI R.L.M. and SCHWARZ H.E.

Abstract (from CDS):

We have investigated morphological vs. physical properties of planetary nebulae (PNe). The sample consists of about 400 objects with high quality optical images. An extensive list of 43 bipolar (butterfly) nebulae has been built by adding to our data several objects found in the literature. Particular emphasis has been given to the comparison between the elliptical and bipolar nebulae. We find that the latter class has: a) a scale height on the Galactic plane of 130pc compared to the value of 320pc for the elliptical objects and of 260pc for the global sample of Galactic disk PNe; b) smaller deviations than the other morphological types from pure circular Galactic rotation; c) the hottest central stars among PNe; d) chemical overabundaces of helium, nitrogen and neon; e) outflow velocities up to one order of magnitude larger than the typical expansion velocities of PNe; f) giant dimensions. We also suggest empirical evolutionary tracks for PNe in the two-colour IRAS diagram. The above properties indicate that bipolar PNe are produced by more massive progenitors than the other morphological classes. We conservatively adopt a lower limit of 1.5M for the progenitors of bipolar PNe and solar values (M≲1.1) for the ellipticals. The present results can be used to constrain the discussion of the AGB mass loss geometry and the formation of the different morphological classes of PNe. Models considering single or interacting binary stars are reviewed. The peculiar nature of M 2-9 is discussed separately.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): planetary nebulae: general

CDS comments: IRAS 15452-5449 misprint for ??

Simbad objects: 82

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Number of rows : 82
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 PN BV 1 PN 00 20 00.450 +62 59 03.16           ~ 54 0
2 M 76 PN 01 42 19.6557728208 +51 34 31.534970052     17.48   17.69 DOZ 368 2
3 RAFGL 618 pA* 04 42 53.6242032600 +36 06 53.400902220   16.32   12.59   C-rich 988 0
4 PN We 1-4 PN 06 14 33.716 +07 34 29.87           ~ 31 0
5 PN K 3-72 PN 06 23 54.880 +05 30 12.88           ~ 36 0
6 PN M 1-7 PN 06 37 20.966 +24 00 36.56           ~ 112 0
7 PN M 1-8 PN 06 53 33.795 +03 08 26.96   11.7       ~ 98 0
8 NGC 2346 PN 07 09 22.5215800440 -00 48 23.610997332   11.76 11.58     A5V 565 0
9 PN K 1-10 PN 07 12 35.493 -16 05 59.71           ~ 41 0
10 PN M 3-2 PN 07 14 49.9223169552 -27 50 23.233595640           ~ 76 0
11 IRAS 07131-0147 pA* 07 15 41.6970462624 -01 52 41.689711632           M5III 28 0
12 PN M 1-13 PN 07 21 15.037 -18 08 34.65   11.0       ~ 94 0
13 NGC 2371 PN 07 25 34.6883929008 +29 29 26.430252072   14.48 13.5     Oe 364 0
14 PN M 3-3 PN 07 26 34.228 -05 21 52.16           ~ 78 0
15 PN M 1-16 PN 07 37 18.902 -09 38 47.96   12.7       ~ 180 0
16 NGC 2440 PN 07 41 54.91 -18 12 29.7   18.9       ~ 644 2
17 OH 231.8 +4.2 OH* 07 42 16.947 -14 42 50.20           M10III+A 527 0
18 EM* AS 204 PN 08 53 30.8813829000 -40 03 42.779700468     14.00     ~ 84 1
19 WRAY 16-35 PN 09 08 40.0515481224 -53 19 13.782487512     13.50     ~ 39 0
20 NGC 2818A PN 09 16 01.4901525600 -36 37 37.516376856           ~ 227 1
21 WRAY 16-40 PN 09 18 01.3172902776 -54 39 29.165596128   14 15.00     ~ 76 0
22 NGC 2899 PN 09 27 03.02 -56 06 21.1     12.40     G0 149 0
23 CD-56 2932 PN 09 43 25.6321182358 -57 16 55.530993175   11.851 11.171 11.206   A2II 121 0
24 PN Hf 4 PN 10 15 34.98 -58 51 10.6     15.00     ~ 38 0
25 THA 35-II-27 PN 10 19 32.501 -60 13 29.48     12.5     B:Ie 88 0
26 WRAY 17-45 PN 10 31 31.95 -53 33 29.5     15.00     ~ 41 0
27 PN Hf 48 PN 11 03 55.98 -60 36 04.6     15.00     ~ 40 0
28 WRAY 16-89 PN 11 27 24.31 -57 17 58.9     15.00     ~ 45 0
29 PN Fg 1 PN 11 28 36.2243510088 -52 56 04.118494344   13.1 12.20     ~ 169 0
30 WRAY 16-96 PN 11 35 10.9637597544 -60 17 01.028531004     16.00     ~ 36 0
31 WRAY 16-105 PN 12 08 25.30 -64 12 08.0     13.00     ~ 39 0
32 V* BI Cru Sy* 12 23 25.9932684936 -62 38 15.988288740 12.06 12.18 11.00 10.71   M2/3 132 0
33 WRAY 16-115 PN 12 28 46.8457795246 -63 44 37.072611293     15.70     ~ 56 0
34 PN Th 2-B PN 13 28 38.859 -63 49 46.36     15.20 15.72 14.54 ~ 37 0
35 NGC 5189 PN 13 33 32.8780414224 -65 58 27.041428272   14.1 14.5   14.35 [WO1] 309 2
36 PN MyCn 18 PN 13 39 35.0596178496 -67 22 51.750497136   13.30 12.54 13.19 12.61 ~ 281 1
37 IRAS 13428-6232 PN? 13 46 20.58093 -62 47 59.7770           ~ 29 0
38 WRAY 16-147 Sy* 14 11 52.0604355768 -51 26 24.187122024     14.20     ~ 229 1
39 IC 4406 PN 14 22 26.1440976888 -44 09 02.185112988   11.5 10.90     ~ 277 0
40 WRAY 16-156 PN 14 33 17.97 -60 49 36.3   16.3 16.7   15.38 ~ 160 0
41 WRAY 16-159 PN 15 04 08.6255732424 -60 53 20.140992096     14.00     ~ 71 0
42 NGC 5844 PN 15 10 40.60 -64 40 25.0     12.70     ~ 77 0
43 WRAY 16-175 PN 15 22 19.3810418304 -54 08 12.691013892     14.00     O3-4 95 0
44 PN Mz 1 PN 15 34 16.6410983544 -59 09 08.105422716   12.8 13.10     ~ 119 0
45 PN Pe 1-4 PN 16 08 58.8245963664 -51 01 56.252720676   19.1 17.60     ~ 56 0
46 NGC 6072 PN 16 12 58.3635385680 -36 13 47.395106184     12.10     ~ 169 0
47 PN Mz 3 PN 16 17 13.3915382496 -51 59 10.711893480   10.8 14.00     O9.5 345 0
48 WRAY 16-212 PN 16 17 14.3671921032 -53 32 05.512002792     15.00     ~ 58 0
49 WRAY 15-1508 PN 16 34 13.50 -49 21 12.3     17.00     ~ 60 0
50 PN HaTr 4 PN 16 45 00.042 -51 12 20.36           ~ 52 0
51 PN M 2-9 PN 17 05 37.96152 -10 08 32.5068           ~ 516 0
52 NGC 6302 PN 17 13 44.51256 -37 06 11.3616           O-rich 779 1
53 NGC 6309 PN 17 14 04.3074600360 -12 54 37.893271860   11.6       O(He) 306 1
54 PN M 3-39 PN 17 21 11.49 -27 11 36.3     14.00     ~ 78 0
55 ESO 455-139 PN 17 39 02.9171861568 -28 56 35.634293412     17.2     ~ 68 0
56 PN M 1-28 PN 17 47 38.3 -22 06 20   18.9       ~ 58 0
57 PN Hb 5 PN 17 47 56.20 -29 59 39.6   10.50 10.78     ~ 261 0
58 NGC 6445 PN 17 49 15.21 -20 00 34.5   18.9       ~ 290 0
59 PN M 2-19 PN 17 53 45.6485317560 -29 43 46.975373868     16.976   15.973 O(H)6-8III-V 86 0
60 NGC 6537 PN 18 05 13.104 -19 50 34.88     13.58     ~ 419 1
61 IRAS 18042-0855 PN 18 06 59.8024112599 -08 55 32.973045447   15.2 14.3   15.852 ~ 21 0
62 PN M 3-28 PN 18 32 41.288 -10 05 50.03   15.6       ~ 89 0
63 PN M 1-51 PN 18 33 29.05 -11 07 26.5           [WC4/6] 89 1
64 PN Pe 1-17 PN 18 47 48.799 -09 09 06.93           ~ 57 0
65 EM* AS 350 PN 19 18 19.548 -11 06 16.22   14       [WR] 39 0
66 NGC 6781 PN 19 18 28.085 +06 32 19.29     11.8     ~ 258 0
67 Hen 2-437 PN 19 32 57.6040534728 +26 52 43.087922580           ~ 93 1
68 Min 1-92 pA* 19 36 18.9295687968 +29 32 49.785288144 12.13 12.35 11.75 11.54   B0.5IV[e] 245 0
69 PN K 3-46 PN 19 50 00.313 +33 45 51.84   19.1       ~ 32 0
70 PN M 2-48 PN 19 50 28.52520 +25 54 29.5452           ~ 77 0
71 Hen 1-6 PN 20 17 21.424 +25 21 46.78           ~ 38 0
72 V* V1610 Cyg pA* 21 02 18.27 +36 41 37.0           F5Iae 862 1
73 NGC 7026 PN 21 06 18.5723414928 +47 51 06.774735780   15.33 15.1     [WC3] 414 1
74 NGC 7027 PN 21 07 01.571952 +42 14 10.47120   10.358 8.831 10.157   ~ 2418 1
75 SH 1-89 PN 21 14 07.628 +47 46 22.17           ~ 65 0
76 PN Hu 1-2 PN 21 33 08.3106242400 +39 38 09.554428752     12.0     ~ 282 1
77 IC 5217 PN 22 23 55.7180137224 +50 58 00.464340252     15.5     [WC7] 305 0
78 PN G102.9-02.3 PN 22 26 17.2674430392 +54 49 38.244198288   17.825 16.965 16.397 15.743 ~ 74 0
79 NGC 7293 PN 22 29 38.5454047152 -20 50 13.747242408 11.894 13.158 13.524 13.689 13.898 DAO.5 930 0
80 PN Hb 12 PN 23 26 14.8236376464 +58 10 54.543292356   13.51 11.49 12.44   Oe 324 0
81 V* R Aqr Sy* 23 43 49.4634303216 -15 17 04.176349872   8.823 7.683 9.37   M6.5-8.5e 770 0
82 PN M 2-56 pA* 23 56 36.4049726352 +70 48 18.246610008   19.81   17.27 17.64 Be 91 0

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2023.02.08-03:57:33

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