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2024ApJ...964...24T - Astrophys. J., 964, 24 (2024/March-3)

Early Planet Formation in Embedded Disks (eDisk). XIV. Flared Dust Distribution and Viscous Accretion Heating of the Disk around R CrA IRS 7B-a.

TAKAKUWA S., SAIGO K., KIDO M., OHASHI N., TOBIN J.J., JORGENSEN J.K., AIKAWA Y., ASO Y., GAVINO S., HAN I., KOCH P.M., KWON W., LEE C.W., LEE J.-E., LI Z.-Y., LIN Z.-Y.D., LOONEY L.W., MORI S., SAI J., SHARMA R., SHEEHAN P.D., TOMIDA K., WILLIAMS J.P., YAMATO Y. and YEN H.-W.

Abstract (from CDS):

We performed radiative transfer calculations and observing simulations to reproduce the 1.3 mm dust-continuum and C18O (2-1) images in the Class I protostar R CrA IRS7B-a, observed with the ALMA Large Program “Early Planet Formation in Embedded Disks (eDisk).” We found that a dust disk model passively heated by the central protostar cannot reproduce the observed peak brightness temperature of the 1.3 mm continuum emission (∼195 K), regardless of the assumptions about the dust opacity. Our calculation suggests that viscous accretion heating in the disk is required to reproduce the observed high brightness temperature. The observed intensity profile of the 1.3 mm dust-continuum emission along the disk minor axis is skewed toward the far side of the disk. Our modeling reveals that this asymmetric intensity distribution requires flaring of the dust along the disk vertical direction with the scale height following h/rr0.3 as a function of radius. These results are in sharp contrast to those of Class II disks, which show geometrically flat dust distributions and lower dust temperatures. From our modeling of the C18O (2-1) emission, the outermost radius of the gas disk is estimated to be ∼80 au, which is larger than that of the dust disk (∼62 au), to reproduce the observed distribution of the C18O (2-1) emission in IRS 7B-a. Our modeling unveils a hot and thick dust disk plus a larger gas disk around one of the eDisk targets, which could be applicable to other protostellar sources in contrast to more evolved sources.

Abstract Copyright: © 2024. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Interstellar medium - Planet formation - Radiative transfer - Star formation

Status at CDS : Examining the need for a new acronym.

Simbad objects: 15

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