SIMBAD references

2023ApJ...952L..23K - Astrophys. J., 952, L23 (2023/July-3)

SN 2023ixf in Messier 101: A Variable Red Supergiant as the Progenitor Candidate to a Type II Supernova.

KILPATRICK C.D., FOLEY R.J., JACOBSON-GALAN W.V., PIRO A.L., SMARTT S.J., DROUT M.R., GAGLIANO A., GALL C., HJORTH J., JONES D.O., MANDEL K.S., MARGUTTI R., RAMIREZ-RUIZ E., RANSOME C.L., VILLAR V.A., COULTER D.A., GAO H., MATTHEWS D.J., TAGGART K. and ZENATI Y.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present preexplosion optical and infrared (IR) imaging at the site of the type II supernova (SN II) 2023ixf in Messier 101 at 6.9 Mpc. We astrometrically registered a ground-based image of SN 2023ixf to archival Hubble Space Telescope (HST), Spitzer Space Telescope (Spitzer), and ground-based near-IR images. A single point source is detected at a position consistent with the SN at wavelengths ranging from HST R band to Spitzer 4.5 μm. Fitting with blackbody and red supergiant (RSG) spectral energy distributions (SEDs), we find that the source is anomalously cool with a significant mid-IR excess. We interpret this SED as reprocessed emission in a 8600 R circumstellar shell of dusty material with a mass ∼5 × 10–5M surrounding a $\mathrm{log}(L/{L}_{\odot })=4.74\pm 0.07$ and ${T}_{\mathrm{eff}}={3920}_{-160}^{+200}$ K RSG. This luminosity is consistent with RSG models of initial mass 11 M, depending on assumptions of rotation and overshooting. In addition, the counterpart was significantly variable in preexplosion Spitzer 3.6 and 4.5 μm imaging, exhibiting ∼70% variability in both bands correlated across 9 yr and 29 epochs of imaging. The variations appear to have a timescale of 2.8 yr, which is consistent with κ-mechanism pulsations observed in RSGs, albeit with a much larger amplitude than RSGs such as α Orionis (Betelgeuse).

Abstract Copyright: © 2023. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Stellar evolution - Type II supernovae

Status at CDS : Large table(s) will be appraised for possible ingestion in VizieR.

Simbad objects: 27

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