Astrophys. J., 948, 109 (2023/May-2)
On the 3D Curvature and Dynamics of the Musca Filament.
KAMINSKY A., BONNE L., ARZOUMANIAN D. and COUDE S.
Abstract (from CDS):
Filaments are ubiquitous in the interstellar medium, yet their formation and evolution remain the topic of intense debate. In order to obtain a more comprehensive view of the 3D morphology and evolution of the Musca filament, we model the C18O(2-1) emission along the filament crest with several large-scale velocity field structures. This indicates that Musca is well described by a 3D curved cylindrical filament with longitudinal mass inflow to its center unless the filament is a transient structure with a lifetime ≲0.1 Myr. Gravitational longitudinal collapse models of filaments appear unable to explain the observed velocity field. To better understand these kinematics, we further analyze a map of the C18O(2-1) velocity field at the location of SOFIA HAWC+ dust polarization observations that trace the magnetic field in the filament. This unveils an organized magnetic field that is oriented roughly perpendicular to the filament crest. Although the velocity field is also organized, it progressively changes its orientation by more than 90° when laterally crossing the filament crest and thus appears disconnected from the magnetic field in the filament. This strong lateral change of the velocity field over the filament remains unexplained and might be associated with important longitudinal motion that can be associated to the large-scale kinematics along the filament.
© 2023. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.
Interstellar filaments - Interstellar medium - Interstellar magnetic fields - Molecular clouds
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