Query : 2023AJ....165...24A

2023AJ....165...24A - Astron. J., 165, 24 (2023/January-0)

The Sensitivity of Eclipse Mapping to Planetary Rotation.


Abstract (from CDS):

Mapping exoplanets across phases and during secondary eclipse is a powerful technique for characterizing Hot Jupiters in emission. Since these planets are expected to rotate about axes normal to their orbital planes, with rotation periods synchronized with their orbital periods, mapping provides a direct correspondence between the orbital phase and planetary longitude. We develop a framework to understand the information content of planets where their rotation states are not well constrained, by constructing bases of light curves across different rotation rates and obliquities that are orthogonal in integrated flux across the secondary eclipse. These demonstrate that brightness variation during eclipse may arise from a variety of rotation rates, obliquities, and map structures, requiring priors to properly disentangle each of these components. By modeling eclipse observations of the Warm Jupiter HAT-P-18b we demonstrate that, at a signal-to-noise equivalent to ∼10 orbits with JWST, confusion about map structure is likely a concern only at the upper physical limits of possible rotation rates. Even without priors, one may nevertheless be able to put an order-of-magnitude constraint on rotation rate by determining at what rates the fitted map complexity is minimized, a prescription whose efficacy increases if out-of-eclipse data are available to isolate the effects of rotation. Finally, in the limit of maps with longitudinal symmetry, the projected obliquity in the plane of the sky determines the information available during eclipse, ranging from nondetections of structure to a basic constraint on hemispherical asymmetry and orientation depending on the obliquity angle.

Abstract Copyright: © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Exoplanet atmospheres - Exoplanet dynamics - Exoplanet structure

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 HAT-P-18 * 17 05 23.1475097496 +33 00 44.940001716   11.9   12.61   K2V 51 1
2 HAT-P-18b Pl 17 05 23.1475847690 +33 00 44.939145027           ~ 106 1
3 CoRoT-2b Pl 19 27 06.4944821296 +01 23 01.357597206           ~ 229 1

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