SIMBAD references

2023A&A...679A.116C - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 679A, 116 (2023/11-1)

Correlations between laboratory line lists for FeH, CrH, and NiH and M-star spectra collected with ESPaDOnS and SPIRou.

CROZET P., MORIN J., ROSS A.J., BELLOTTI S., DONATI J.-F., FOUQUE P., MOUTOU C., PETIT P., CARMONA A., KOSPAL A., ADAM A.G. and TOKARYK D.W.

Abstract (from CDS):

Context. Molecular bands of metal oxides and hydrides dominate the optical and near-infrared spectra of M dwarfs. High-resolution spectra of these bands have immense potential for determining many properties of these stars, such as effective temperature, surface gravity, elemental abundances, radial velocity, or surface magnetic fields. Techniques are being developed to do this but remain limited by the current availability and accuracy of molecular data and spectral line lists.
Aims. This paper reports metal monohydride line lists selected from near-infrared and visible laboratory data to show that specific bands in several electronic transitions can be used to identify CrH, NiH, and FeH in M stars and to determine radial velocities from Doppler shifts. The possibility of measuring magnetic fields is also investigated for FeH and CrH.
Methods. We used systematic cross-correlation analysis between unpolarised spectra from a selection of M stars and state-specific laboratory line lists. These lists were generated from a combination of existing data and new laboratory laser-excitation spectra recorded at Doppler-limited resolution, in zero-field conditions or in magnetic fields up to 0.6 tesla.
Results. We show that transitions at visible wavelengths in FeH and NiH, usually neglected in the analysis of the spectra of M-type stars, do in fact contribute to the spectra, and we demonstrate the influence of magnetic sensitivity on selected transitions in CrH and FeH.
Conclusions. Although the new line lists focus on transitions recorded at temperatures significantly lower than those of stellar objects, they remain pertinent because they cover some band-head regions of high spectral density. FeH bands can provide a useful supplement to atomic lines for the analysis of high-resolution optical and near-infrared spectra of M dwarfs. We demonstrate the influence of a magnetic field on CrH signatures around 862 nm.

Abstract Copyright: © The Authors 2023

Journal keyword(s): molecular data - stars: magnetic field - stars: atmospheres - stars: low-mass - methods: laboratory: molecular

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/679/A116): table1[ab].dat table2.dat table3.dat table4[abcde].dat table5[abc].dat files/*>

Simbad objects: 9

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