SIMBAD references

2023A&A...675A.174S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 675A, 174 (2023/7-1)

Oblique rings from migrating exomoons: A possible origin for long-period exoplanets with enlarged radii.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. The extremely low density of several long-period exoplanets in mature systems is still unexplained - with HIP 41378 f being archetypical of this category. It has been proposed that such planets could actually have normal densities but be surrounded by a ring observed approximately face on, mimicking the transit depth of a puffy planet. This configuration would imply that the equator of the planet is nearly perpendicular to its orbit plane, which is at odds with the formation process of gas giants. Yet, in the context of the Solar System planets, it has recently been shown that after gigayears of evolution, the tidal migration of a moon can naturally lead to a very tilted planet with a ring.
Aims. As exomoons are expected to be ubiquitous around giant exoplanets, this mechanism may be responsible for the anomalous radii of some observed exoplanets. In preparation for the future discoveries of the PLATO mission, we present a simple method for checking the plausibility of this mechanism for a given exoplanet.
Methods. Analytical formulas give the probability density function of the relevant precession harmonics of the planet. For each harmonic, simple criteria set the moon mass and other properties required for the mechanism to operate.
Results. We applied this methodology to HIP 41378 f, and we show that in order to reproduce the observed configuration, a hypothetical former moon should have had a moon-to-planet mass ratio of a few times 10–4 (i.e. roughly the mass of our Moon) and have migrated over a distance of a few planet's radii on a gigayear timescale. These orders of magnitude match the properties of moons expected to exist around gaseous exoplanets.
Conclusions. We conclude that the migration of a former moon is a viable formation pathway for the proposed ring and tilt of HIP 41378 f. This example strengthens the ring hypothesis and motivates its application to other promising targets.

Abstract Copyright: © The Authors 2023

Journal keyword(s): planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability - planets and satellites: rings - planets and satellites: individual: HIP 41378 f

Simbad objects: 11

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