Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 669A, 50 (2023/1-1)
Life cycle of cosmic-ray electrons in the intracluster medium.
VAZZA F., WITTOR D., DI FEDERICO L., BRUGGEN M., BRIENZA M., BRUNETTI G., BRIGHENTI F. and PASINI T.
Abstract (from CDS):
We simulate the evolution of relativistic eletrons injected into the medium of a small galaxy cluster by a central radio galaxy, studying how the initial jet power affects the dispersal and the emission properties of radio plasma. By coupling passive tracer particles to adaptive-mesh cosmological magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations, we study how cosmic-ray electrons are dispersed as a function of the input jet power. We also investigate how the latter affects the thermal and non-thermal properties of the intracluster medium, with differences discernible up to about one Gyr after the start of the jet. We evolved the energy spectra of cosmic-ray electrons, subject to energy losses that are dominated by synchrotron and inverse Compton emission as well as energy gains via re-acceleration by shock waves and turbulence. We find that in the absence of major mergers, the amount of re-acceleration experienced by cosmic-ray electrons is not enough to produce long-lived detectable radio emissions. However, for all simulations, the role of re-acceleration processes is crucial to maintaining a significant and volume-filling reservoir of fossil electrons (γ ∼ 103) for at least one Gyr after the first injection by jets. This is important in attempting to establish plausible explanations of recent discoveries of cluster-wide emission and other radio phenomena in galaxy clusters.
© The Authors 2023
acceleration of particles - magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) - large-scale structure of Universe - methods: numerical - galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
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