SIMBAD references

2022ApJ...940..159P - Astrophys. J., 940, 159 (2022/December-1)

Very Metal-poor Stars in the Solar Vicinity: Age Determination.


Abstract (from CDS):

The ages of the oldest and most metal-poor stars in the Milky Way bear important information on the age of the universe and its standard model. We analyze a sample of 28 extremely metal-poor field stars in the solar vicinity culled from the literature and carefully determine their ages. To this aim, we critically make use of Gaia data to derive their distances and associated uncertainties. Particular attention has been paid to the estimate of the reddening and its effect on the derivation of stellar ages. We employed different reddenings and superimpose isochrones from different sources on the stars' color-magnitude diagram built up with different photometric systems. We highlight subtle metallicity effects when using the Johnson photometry for low-metallicity stars and finally adopt Gaia photometry. An automatic fitting method is devised to assign ages to each individual star taking into account the uncertainties in the input parameters. The mean age of the sample turns out to be 13.9 ± 0.5 Gyr using Padova isochrones, and 13.7 ± 0.4 Gyr using BASTI isochrones. We found also a group of very metal-poor stars ([Fe/H] = -2.7 to -2.0 dex) with relatively young ages, in the range 8-10 Gyr.

Abstract Copyright: © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Metallicity - Population II stars - Stellar ages

Simbad objects: 37

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