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2022ApJ...939...94M - Astrophys. J., 939, 94 (2022/November-2)

New Coronae and Stellar Associations Revealed by a Clustering Analysis of the Solar Neighborhood.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present the results of a density-based clustering analysis of the 6D XYZ Galactic positions and UVW-space velocities of nearby (≤200 pc) Gaia Early Data Release 3 stars with radial velocities using HDBSCAN, in opposition to previous studies (Kounkel & Covey 2019; Meingast et al. 2021) that only included positions and tangential velocities. Among the 241 recovered clusters, we identify more than 50 known associations, 32 new candidate stellar streams aged 100 Myr to 3 Gyr, nine extensions of known Theia groups uncovered by Kounkel & Covey, and eight newly recognized coronae around nearby open clusters. Three confirmed exoplanet-hosting stars and three more TESS transiting exoplanet candidates are part of the new groups discovered here, including TOI-1807 and TOI-2076 from Hedges et al. (2021) that were suspected to belong to a yet unidentified moving group. The new groups presented here were not previously recognized because of their older ages, low spatial density, and projection effects that spread out the tangential velocities of their nearby comoving members. Several newly identified structures reach distances within 60 pc of the Sun, providing new grounds for the identification of isolated planetary-mass objects. The nearest member of the newly recognized corona of Volans-Carina is V419 Hya, a known young debris disk star at a distance of 22 pc. This study outlines the importance of further characterization of young associations in the immediate solar neighborhood, which will provide new laboratories for the precise age calibration of nearby stars, exoplanets, and substellar objects.

Abstract Copyright: © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Stellar associations - Open star clusters - Stellar kinematics - Clustering

Status at CDS : Large table(s) will be appraised for possible ingestion in VizieR.

Simbad objects: 131

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