SIMBAD references

2022ApJ...935...15Z - Astrophys. J., 935, 15 (2022/August-2)

COol Companions ON Ultrawide orbiTS (COCONUTS). III. A Very Red L6 Benchmark Brown Dwarf around a Young M5 Dwarf.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present the third discovery from the COol Companions ON Ultrawide orbiTS (COCONUTS) program, the COCONUTS-3 system, composed of the young M5 primary star UCAC4 374-046899 and the very red L6 dwarf WISEA J081322.19-152203.2. These two objects have a projected separation of $61^{\prime\prime} $ (1891 au) and are physically associated given their common proper motions and estimated distances. The primary star, COCONUTS-3A, has a mass of 0.123 ± 0.006 M, and we estimate its age as 100 Myr to 1 Gyr based on its stellar activity (via Hα and X-ray emission), kinematics, and spectrophotometric properties. We derive its bulk metallicity as 0.21 ± 0.07 dex using empirical calibrations established by older and higher-gravity M dwarfs and find that this [Fe/H] could be slightly underestimated according to PHOENIX models given COCONUTS-3A's younger age. The companion, COCONUTS-3B, has a near-infrared spectral type of L6 ± 1 INT-G, and we infer physical properties of Teff = ${1362}_{-73}^{+48}$ K, $\mathrm{log}(g)$ = ${4.96}_{-0.34}^{+0.15}$ dex, $R\,=\,{1.03}_{-0.06}^{+0.12}$RJup, and $M\,=\,{39}_{-18}^{+11}$MJup using its bolometric luminosity, its host star's age, and hot-start evolution models. We construct cloudy atmospheric model spectra at the evolution-based physical parameters and compare them to COCONUTS-3B's spectrophotometry. We find that this companion possesses ample condensate clouds in its photosphere (fsed = 1) with the data-model discrepancies likely due to the models using an older version of the opacity database. Compared to field-age L6 dwarfs, COCONUTS-3B has fainter absolute magnitudes and a 120 K cooler Teff. Also, the J - K color of this companion is among the reddest for ultracool benchmarks with ages older than a few hundred megayears. COCONUTS-3 likely formed in the same fashion as stellar binaries given the companion-to-host mass ratio of 0.3 and represents a valuable benchmark to quantify the systematics of substellar model atmospheres.

Abstract Copyright: © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Brown dwarfs - L dwarfs - Substellar companion stars - M stars

Simbad objects: 61

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