Astrophys. J., 933, 11-11 (2022/July-1)
High-resolution ALMA Study of CO J = 2-1 Line and Dust Continuum Emissions in Cluster Galaxies at z = 1.46.
IKEDA R., TADAKI K.-I., IONO D., KODAMA T., CHAN J.C.C., HATSUKADE B., HAYASHI M., IZUMI T., KOHNO K., KOYAMA Y., SHIMAKAWA R., SUZUKI T.L., TAMURA Y. and TANAKA I.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present new Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) results obtained from spatially resolved CO J = 2-1 line (0.''4 resolution) and 870 µm continuum (0.''2 resolution) observations of cluster galaxies in XMMXCS J2215.9-1738 at z = 1.46. Our sample comprises 17 galaxies within ∼0.5 Mpc (0.6R200) of the cluster center, all of which have previously been detected in the CO J = 2-1 line at a lower resolution. The effective radii of both the CO J = 2-1 line and 870 µm dust continuum emissions are robustly measured for nine galaxies by modeling the visibilities. We find that the CO J = 2-1 line emission in all of the nine galaxies is more extended than the dust continuum emission by a factor of 2.8 ± 1.4. We investigate the spatially resolved Kennicutt-Schmidt (KS) relation in two regions within the interstellar medium of the galaxies. The relation for our sample reveals that the central region (0 < r < Re,870µm) of galaxies tends to have a shorter gas depletion timescale, i.e., a higher star formation efficiency, compared to the extended region (Re,870µm < r < Re,CO). Overall, our result suggests that star formation activities are concentrated inside the extended gas reservoir, possibly resulting in the formation of a bulge structure. We find consistency between the ALMA 870 µm radii of star-forming members and the Hubble Space Telescope/1.6 µm radii of passive members in a mass-size distribution, which suggests a transition from star-forming to passive members within ∼0.5 Gyr. In addition, no clear differences in the KS relation nor in the sizes are found between galaxies with and without a close companion.
© 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.
Galaxy evolution - High-redshift galaxies - Interstellar medium - Star formation - Galaxy structure - High-redshift galaxy clusters
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