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2022ApJ...930...31B - Astrophys. J., 930, 31-31 (2022/May-1)

Characterization of Supernovae Based on the Spectral-Temporal Energy Distribution: Two Possible SN Ib Subtypes.


Abstract (from CDS):

A quantitative data-driven comparison among supernovae (SNe) based on their spectral time series combined with multiband photometry is presented. We use an unsupervised random forest algorithm as a metric on a set of 82 well-documented SNe representing all the main spectroscopic types, in order to embed these in an abstract metric space reflecting shared correlations between the objects. We visualize the resulting metric space in 3D, revealing strong agreement with the current spectroscopic classification scheme. The embedding splits Type Ib supernovae into two groups, with one subgroup exhibiting broader, less prominent, higher-velocity lines than the other, possibly suggesting a new SN Ib subclass is required. The method could be to classify newly discovered SNe according to their distance from known event groups, or ultimately to devise a new, spectral-temporal classification scheme. Such an embedding could also depend on hidden parameters that may perhaps be physically interpretable.

Abstract Copyright: © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Supernovae - Type Ib supernovae - Random Forests - Classification

Simbad objects: 90

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