Astrophys. J., 930, 2-2 (2022/May-1)
Infrared Spectroscopic Survey of the Quiescent Medium of Nearby Clouds. II. Ice Formation and Grain Growth in Perseus and Serpens.
MADDEN M.C.L., BOOGERT A.C.A., CHIAR J.E., KNEZ C., PENDLETON Y.J., TIELENS A.G.G.M. and YIP A.
Abstract (from CDS):
The properties of dust change during the transition from diffuse to dense clouds as a result of ice formation and dust coagulation, but much is still unclear about this transformation. We present 2-20 µm spectra of 49 field stars behind the Perseus and Serpens Molecular Clouds and establish relationships between the near-infrared continuum extinction (AK) and the depths of the 9.7 µm silicate (τ9.7) and 3.0 µm H2O ice (τ3.0) absorption bands. The τ9.7/AK ratio varies from large, diffuse interstellar medium-like values (∼0.55), to much lower ratios (∼0.26). Above extinctions of AK ∼ 1.2 (AV ∼ 10; Perseus, Lupus, dense cores) and ∼2.0 (AV ∼ 17; Serpens), the τ9.7/AK ratio is lowest. The τ9.7/AK reduction from diffuse to dense clouds is consistent with a moderate degree of grain growth (sizes up to ∼0.5 µm), increasing the near-infrared color excess (and thus AK), but not affecting the ice and silicate band profiles. This grain growth process seems to be related to the ice column densities and dense core formation thresholds, highlighting the importance of density. After correction for Serpens foreground extinction, the H2O ice formation threshold is in the range of AK = 0.31-0.40 (AV = 2.6-3.4) for all clouds, and thus grain growth takes place after the ices are formed. Finally, abundant CH3OH ice (∼21% relative to H2O) is reported for 2MASSJ18285266+0028242 (Serpens), a factor of >4 larger than for the other targets.
© 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.
Interstellar dust - Interstellar dust extinction
View the references in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2022ApJ...930....2M and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu