SIMBAD references

2022ApJ...924....5V - Astrophys. J., 924, 5-5 (2022/January-1)

Imaging the water snowline around protostars with water and HCO+ isotopologues.

VAN 'T HOFF M.L.R., HARSONO D., VAN GELDER M.L., HSIEH T.-H., TOBIN J.J., JENSEN S.S., HIRANO N., JORGENSEN J.K., BERGIN E.A. and VAN DISHOECK E.F.

Abstract (from CDS):

The water snowline location in protostellar envelopes provides crucial information about the thermal structure and the mass accretion process as it can inform about the occurrence of recent (<=1000 yr) accretion bursts. In addition, the ability to image water emission makes these sources excellent laboratories to test indirect snowline tracers such as H13CO+. We study the water snowline in five protostellar envelopes in Perseus using a suite of molecular-line observations taken with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) at ∼0.''2-0.''7 (60-210 au) resolution. B1-c provides a textbook example of compact H218O (31,3-22,0) and HDO (31,2-22,1) emission surrounded by a ring of H13CO+ (J = 2-1) and HC18O+ (J = 3-2). Compact HDO surrounded by H13CO+ is also detected toward B1-bS. The optically thick main isotopologue HCO+ is not suited to trace the snowline, and HC18O+ is a better tracer than H13CO+ due to a lower contribution from the outer envelope. However, because a detailed analysis is needed to derive a snowline location from H13CO+ or HC18O+ emission, their true value as a snowline tracer will lie in the application in sources where water cannot be readily detected. For protostellar envelopes, the most straightforward way to locate the water snowline is through observations of H218O or HDO. Including all subarcsecond-resolution water observations from the literature, we derive an average burst interval of ∼10,000 yr, but high-resolution water observations of a larger number of protostars are required to better constrain the burst frequency.

Abstract Copyright: © 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Interstellar molecules - Astrochemistry - Protostars

Simbad objects: 36

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2022.08.12-22:35:02

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