Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 660A, 89-89 (2022/4-1)
A VLT/FLAMES survey for massive binaries in Westerlund 1. VIII. Binary systems and orbital parameters.
RITCHIE B.W., CLARK J.S., NEGUERUELA I. and NAJARRO F.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. The galactic cluster Westerlund 1 contains a rich population of evolved, massive stars. A high binary fraction has been inferred from previous multi-wavelength observations.
Aims. We use multi-epoch spectroscopy of a large sample of early-type stars in Westerlund 1 to identify new binaries and binary candidates in the cluster.
Methods. VLT/FLAMES was used with the GIRAFFE spectrograph in HR21 mode to obtain spectra of ∼100 OB stars over a 14-month baseline in 2008 and 2009, supplemented with follow-up observations in 2011 and 2013. Radial velocities were obtained from strong Paschen series absorption lines in the I-band.
Results. We identify 20 new OB I-III binaries, a WN9h binary, and a WC9d binary, greatly increasing the number of directly confirmed binary systems in Westerlund 1, while 12 O9-9.5 Iab-III stars are identified as candidate binaries based on radial velocity changes that are inconsistent with photospheric variability. The 173.9 day SB1 W1030 represents the first longer-period system identified in the cluster, while the determination of a 53.95 day period for W44 (WR L) makes it the first Wolf-Rayet binary in Westerlund 1 with a confirmed orbital period greater than ten days. Our results suggest the binary fraction in the OB population is at least ∼40%, and may be significantly higher.
Conclusions. These results demonstrate that binary systems can be effectively identified in the population of OB I-III stars evolving off the main sequence in Westerlund 1. Future multi-epoch surveys will be able to fully characterise this population.
© ESO 2022
stars: evolution - supergiants - binaries: general - techniques: radial velocities
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<Available at CDS (J/A+A/660/A89): table5.dat table6.dat tablea1.dat>
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Clark et al. 2011 , A&A , 531 , A2 is a misprint for Clark et al. 2011A&A...531A..28C.
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