Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 658A, 96-96 (2022/2-1)
The CubeSpec space mission. I. Asteroseismology of massive stars from time-series optical spectroscopy: Science requirements and target list prioritisation.
BOWMAN D.M., VANDENBUSSCHE B., SANA H., TKACHENKO A., RASKIN G., DELABIE T., VANDOREN B., ROYER P., GARCIA S., VAN REETH T. (The CubeSpec Collaboration)
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. There is currently a niche for providing high-cadence, high resolution, time-series optical spectroscopy from space, which can be filled by using a low-cost cubesat mission. The Belgian-led ESA/KU Leuven CubeSpec mission is specifically designed to provide space-based, low-cost spectroscopy with specific capabilities that can be optimised for a particular science need. Approved as an ESA in-orbit demonstrator, the CubeSpec satellite's primary science objective will be to focus on obtaining high-cadence, high resolution optical spectroscopic data to facilitate asteroseismology of pulsating massive stars.
Aims. In this first paper, we aim to search for pulsating massive stars suitable for the CubeSpec mission, specifically β Cep stars, which typically require time-series spectroscopy to identify the geometry of their pulsation modes.
Methods. Based on the science requirements needed to enable asteroseismology of massive stars with the capabilities of CubeSpec's spectrograph, we combined a literature study for pulsation with the analysis of recent high-cadence time-series photometry from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) mission to classify the variability for stars brighter than V ≤ 4 mag and between O9 and B3 in spectral type.
Results. Among the 90 stars that meet our magnitude and spectral type requirements, we identified 23 promising β Cep stars with high-amplitude (non-)radial pulsation modes with frequencies below 7 d–1. Using further constraints on projected rotational velocities, pulsation amplitudes, and the number of pulsation modes, we devised a prioritised target list for the CubeSpec mission according to its science requirements and the potential of the targets for asteroseismology. The full target catalogue further provides a modern TESS-based review of line profile and photometric variability properties among bright O9-B3 stars.
© ESO 2022
asteroseismology - stars: early-type - stars: oscillations - stars: massive - instrumentation: spectrographs
View the references in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2022A&A...658A..96B and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu