2022A&A...657A..92E


Query : 2022A&A...657A..92E

2022A&A...657A..92E - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 657A, 92-92 (2022/1-1)

Euclid preparation. XVI. Exploring the ultra-low surface brightness Universe with Euclid/VIS.

EUCLID COLLABORATION, BORLAFF A.S., GOMEZ-ALVAREZ P., ALTIERI B., MARCUM P.M., VAVREK R., LAUREIJS R., KOHLEY R., BUITRAGO F., CUILLANDRE J.-C., DUC P.-A., GASPAR VENANCIO L.M., AMARA A., ANDREON S., AURICCHIO N., AZZOLLINI R., BACCIGALUPI C., BALAGUERA-ANTOLINEZ A., BALDI M., BARDELLI S., BENDER R., BIVIANO A., BODENDORF C., BONINO D., BOZZO E., BRANCHINI E., BRESCIA M., BRINCHMANN J., BURIGANA C., CABANAC R., CAMERA S., CANDINI G.P., CAPOBIANCO V., CAPPI A., CARBONE C., CARRETERO J., CARVALHO C.S., CASAS S., CASTANDER F.J., CASTELLANO M., CASTIGNANI G., CAVUOTI S., CIMATTI A., CLEDASSOU R., COLODRO-CONDE C., CONGEDO G., CONSELICE C.J., CONVERSI L., COPIN Y., CORCIONE L., COUPON J., COURTOIS H.M., CROPPER M., DA SILVA A., DEGAUDENZI H., DI FERDINANDO D., DOUSPIS M., DUBATH F., DUNCAN C.A.J., DUPAC X., DUSINI S., EALET A., FABRICIUS M., FARINA M., FARRENS S., FERREIRA P.G., FERRIOL S., FINELLI F., FLOSE-REIMBERG P., FOSALBA P., FRAILIS M., FRANCESCHI E., FUMANA M., GALEOTTA S., GANGA K., GARILLI B., GILLIS B., GIOCOLI C., GOZALIASL G., GRACIA-CARPIO J., GRAZIAN A., GRUPP F., HAUGAN S.V.H., HOLMES W., HORMUTH F., JAHNKE K., KEIHANEN E., KERMICHE S., KIESSLING A., KILBINGER M., KIRKPATRICK C.C., KITCHING T., KNAPEN J.H., KUBIK B., KUMMEL M., KUNZ M., KURKI-SUONIO H., LIEBING P., LIGORI S., LILJE P.B., LINDHOLM V., LLORO I., MAINETTI G., MAINO D., MANSUTTI O., MARGGRAF O., MARKOVIC K., MARTINELLI M., MARTINET N., MARTINEZ-DELGADO D., MARULLI F., MASSEY R., MATURI M., MAUROGORDATO S., MEDINACELI E., MEI S., MENEGHETTI M., MERLIN E., METCALF R.B., MEYLAN G., MORESCO M., MORGANTE G., MOSCARDINI L., MUNARI E., NAKAJIMA R., NEISSNER C., NIEMI S.M., NIGHTINGALE J.W., NUCITA A., PADILLA C., PALTANI S., PASIAN F., PATRIZII L., PEDERSEN K., PERCIVAL W.J., PETTORINO V., PIRES S., PONCET M., POPA L., POTTER D., POZZETTI L., RAISON F., REBOLO R., RENZI A., RHODES J., RICCIO G., ROMELLI E., RONCARELLI M., ROSSET C., ROSSETTI E., SAGLIA R., SANCHEZ A.G., SAPONE D., SAUVAGE M., SCHNEIDER P., SCOTTEZ V., SECROUN A., SEIDEL G., SERRANO S., SIRIGNANO C., SIRRI G., SKOTTFELT J., STANCO L., STARCK J.L., SUREAU F., TALLADA-CRESPI P., TAYLOR A.N., TENTI M., TERENO I., TEYSSIER R., TOLEDO-MOREO R., TORRADEFLOT F., TUTUSAUS I., VALENTIJN E.A., VALENZIANO L., VALIVIITA J., VASSALLO T., VIEL M., WANG Y., WELLER J., WHITTAKER L., ZACCHEI A., ZAMORANI G. and ZUCCA E.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. While Euclid is an ESA mission specifically designed to investigate the nature of dark energy and dark matter, the planned unprecedented combination of survey area (∼15 000 deg2), spatial resolution, low sky-background, and depth also make Euclid an excellent space observatory for the study of the low surface brightness Universe. Scientific exploitation of the extended low surface brightness structures requires dedicated calibration procedures that are yet to be tested.
Aims. We investigate the capabilities of Euclid to detect extended low surface brightness structure by identifying and quantifying sky-background sources and stray-light contamination. We test the feasibility of generating sky flat-fields to reduce large-scale residual gradients in order to reveal the extended emission of galaxies observed in the Euclid survey.
Methods. We simulated a realistic set of Euclid/VIS observations, taking into account both instrumental and astronomical sources of contamination, including cosmic rays, stray-light, zodiacal light, interstellar medium, and the cosmic infrared background, while simulating the effects of background sources in the field of view.
Results. We demonstrate that a combination of calibration lamps, sky flats, and self-calibration would enable recovery of emission at a limiting surface brightness magnitude of µlim=29.5–0.27+0.08mag/arcsec2 (3σ, 10x10arcsec2) in the Wide Survey, and it would reach regions deeper by 2 mag in the Deep Surveys.
Conclusions.Euclid/VIS has the potential to be an excellent low surface brightness observatory. Covering the gap between pixel-to-pixel calibration lamp flats and self-calibration observations for large scales, the application of sky flat-fielding will enhance the sensitivity of the VIS detector at scales larger than 1'', up to the size of the field of view, enabling Euclid to detect extended surface brightness structures below µlim = 31 mag/arcsec2 and beyond.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2022

Journal keyword(s): instrumentation: detectors - techniques: image processing - space vehicles: instruments - techniques: photometric - methods: observational - galaxies: general

Simbad objects: 11

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Number of rows : 11
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 UGC 180 LIN 00 19 08.2355557680 +15 44 57.681921588   15.3       ~ 36 0
2 NAME Hubble Ultra Deep Field reg 03 32 39.0 -27 47 29           ~ 1514 0
3 * eta Ori bC* 05 24 28.61672 -02 23 49.7311 2.25 3.18 3.35 3.44 3.65 B1V+B2: 389 0
4 * del Ori SB* 05 32 00.40009 -00 17 56.7424 0.96 2.02 2.41 2.32 2.54 O9.5IINwk 759 0
5 * zet Ori ** 05 40 45.52666 -01 56 33.2649 0.50 1.56 1.77 1.85 2.05 O9.7Ib+B0III 344 0
6 NAME Horsehead Nebula DNe 05 40 59.0 -02 27 30           ~ 491 0
7 NGC 2024 Cl* 05 41 43 -01 50.5           ~ 1119 1
8 ACO 1656 ClG 12 59 48.7 +27 58 50           ~ 4575 2
9 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.0506038088 +34 24 56.800076508 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1183 2
10 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 7838 0
11 NAME Ori Belt reg ~ ~           ~ 73 0

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2022.12.04-22:43:36

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