Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 503, 4092-4104 (2021/May-3)
Revisiting the Kepler field with TESS: Improved ephemerides using TESS 2 min data.
BATTLEY M.P., KUNIMOTO M., ARMSTRONG D.J. and POLLACCO D.
Abstract (from CDS):
Up to date planet ephemerides are becoming increasingly important as exoplanet science moves from detecting exoplanets to characterizing their architectures and atmospheres in depth. In this work, ephemerides are updated for 22 Kepler planets and 4 Kepler planet candidates, constituting all Kepler planets and candidates with sufficient signal to noise in the TESS 2 min data set. A purely photometric method is utilized here to allow ephemeris updates for planets even when they do not posses significant radial velocity data. The obtained ephemerides are of very high precision and at least seven years 'fresher' than archival ephemerides. In particular, significantly reduced period uncertainties for Kepler-411d, Kepler-538b, and the candidates K00075.01/K00076.01 are reported. O-C diagrams were generated for all objects, with the most interesting ones discussed here. Updated TTV fits of five known multiplanet systems with significant TTVs were also attempted (Kepler-18, Kepler-25, Kepler-51, Kepler-89, and Kepler-396), however these suffered from the comparative scarcity and dimness of these systems in TESS. Despite these difficulties, TESS has once again shown itself to be an incredibly powerful follow-up instrument as well as a planet-finder in its own right. Extension of the methods used in this paper to the 30 min-cadence TESS data and TESS extended mission has the potential to yield updated ephemerides of hundreds more systems in the future.
© 2021 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society
ephemerides - time - planets and satellites: fundamental parameters - planets and satellites: general
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