Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 502, 564-580 (2021/March-3)
On filament fragmentation and the impact of ambient environment on it.
ANATHPINDIKA S.V. and DI FRANCESCO J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Filaments are crucial intermediaries in the star formation process. Recent observations of filaments show that (i) a number of them are non-singular entities, and rather a bundle of velocity coherent fibres, and (ii) while a majority of filaments spawn cores narrower than their natal filaments, some cores are broader. We explore these issues by developing hydrodynamic simulations of an initially sub-critical individual filament that is allowed to accrete gas from its neighbourhood and evolves under self-gravity. Results obtained here support the idea that fibres form naturally during the filament formation process. We further argue that the ambient environment, i.e. the magnitude of external pressure, and not the filament linemass alone, has bearing upon the morphology of its evolution. We observe that a filament is susceptible to the sausage-type instability irrespective of the external pressure. The fragments, however, are pinched in a filament experiencing pressure comparable to that in the Solar neighbourhood (∼104 K cm–3). By contrast, fragments are broad and spherical - having density profiles similar to that of a stable Bonnor-Ebert sphere - when the filament experiences a higher pressure, typically >=105 K cm–3, but <=106 K cm–3). The filament tends to rupture at even higher external pressure (>=107 K cm–3). These observations collectively mean that star formation is less efficient with increasing external pressure.
© 2021 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Astronomical Society
gravitation - hydrodynamics - stars: formation
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