SIMBAD references

2021ApJ...922..268J - Astrophys. J., 922, 268-268 (2021/December-1)

RELICS: ICL analysis of the z = 0.566 merging cluster WHL J013719.8-08284.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present a pilot study of the intracluster light (ICL) in massive clusters using imaging of the z = 0.566 cluster of galaxies WHL J013719.8-08284 observed by the RELICS project with the Hubble Space Telescope. We measure the ICL fraction in four optical ACS/WFC filters (F435W, F475W, F606W, and F814W) and five infrared WFC3/IR bands (F105W, F110W, F125W, F140W, and F160W). The ICL maps are calculated using the free-of-a-priori-assumptions algorithm CICLE, and the cluster membership is estimated from photometric properties. We find optical ICL fractions that range between ∼6% and 19%, in nice agreement with the values found in previous works for merging clusters. We also observe an ICL fraction excess between 3800 Å and 4800 Å, previously identified as a signature of merging clusters at 0.18 < z < 0.55. This excess suggests the presence of an enhanced population of young/low-metallicity stars in the ICL. All indicators thus point to WHL J013719.8-08284 as a disturbed cluster with a significant amount of recently injected stars, bluer than the average stars hosted by the cluster members and likely stripped out from infalling galaxies during the current merging event. Infrared ICL fractions are ∼50% higher than optical ones, which could be signatures of an older and/or higher-metallicity ICL population that can be associated with the buildup of the brightest cluster galaxy, passive evolution of previously injected young stars, or preprocessing in infalling groups. Finally, investigating the photometry of the cluster members, we tentatively conclude that WHL J013719.8-08284 fulfills the expected conditions for a fossil system progenitor.

Abstract Copyright: © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy clusters

Simbad objects: 12

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