Astrophys. J., 922, 202-202 (2021/December-1)
The dependence of the fraction of radio luminous quasars on redshift and its theoretical implications.
RUSINEK-ABARCA K. and SIKORA M.
Abstract (from CDS):
While radio emission in quasars can be contributed to by a variety of processes (involving star-forming regions, accretion disk coronas and winds, and jets), the powering of the radio loudest quasars must involve very strong jets, presumably launched by the Blandford-Znajek mechanism incorporating the magnetically arrested disk (MAD) scenario. We focus on the latter and investigate the dependence of their fraction on redshift. We also examine the dependence of the radio-loud fraction (RLF) on BH mass (MBH) and Eddington ratio (λEdd), while excluding the redshift bias by narrowing its range. In both of these investigations, we remove the bias associated with: (1) the diversity of source selection by constructing two well-defined, homogeneous samples of quasars (first within 0.7 <= z <= 1.9, second within 0.5 <= z <= 0.7); and (2) a strong drop in the RLF of quasars at smaller BH masses by choosing those with BH masses larger than 108.5M☉. We confirm some of the previous results showing the increase in the fraction of radio-loud quasars with cosmic time and that this trend can be even steeper if we account for the bias introduced by the dependence of the RLF on BH mass, whereas the bias introduced by the dependence of the RLF on Eddington ratio is shown to be negligible. Assuming that quasar activities are triggered by galaxy mergers, we argue that such an increase can result from the slower drop with cosmic time of mixed mergers than of wet mergers.
© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Radio active galactic nuclei - Quasars - Radio jets - Non-thermal radiation sources
Status at CDS
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