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2021ApJ...921...48S - Astrophys. J., 921, 48-48 (2021/November-1)

A core mass function indistinguishable from the Salpeter stellar initial mass function using 1000 au resolution ALMA observations.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present the core mass function (CMF) of the massive star-forming clump G33.92 + 0.11 using 1.3 mm observations obtained with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA). With a resolution of 1000 au, this is one of the highest resolution CMF measurements to date. The CMF is corrected by flux and number incompleteness to obtain a sample that is complete for gas masses M >= 2.0 M. The resulting CMF is well represented by a power-law function (dN/dlogM∝M^Γ^), whose slope is determined using two different approaches: (i) by least-squares fitting of power-law functions to the flux- and number-corrected CMF, and (ii) by comparing the observed CMF to simulated samples with similar incompleteness. We provide a prescription to quantify and correct a flattening bias affecting the slope fits in the first approach, which is caused by small-sample or edge effects when the data are represented by either classical histograms or a kernel density estimate, respectively. The resulting slopes from both approaches are in good agreement each other, with Γ=-1.11–0.11+0.12 being our adopted value. Although this slope appears to be slightly flatter than the Salpeter slope Γ = -1.35 for the stellar initial mass function (IMF), we find from Monte Carlo simulations that the CMF in G33.92 + 0.11 is statistically indistinguishable from the Salpeter representation of the stellar IMF. Our results are consistent with the idea that the form of the IMF is inherited from the CMF, at least at high masses and when the latter is observed at high enough resolution.

Abstract Copyright: © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Initial mass function - Protostars

Status at CDS : Examining the need for a new acronym. // Large table(s) will be appraised for possible ingestion in VizieR.

Simbad objects: 8

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