Astrophys. J., 918, 3-3 (2021/September-1)
Blueshifted hydrogen emission and shock wave of RR Lyrae variables in SDSS and LAMOST.
DUAN X.-W., CHEN X., SUN W., DENG L., ZHANG H., YANG F. and LIU C.
Abstract (from CDS):
Hydrogen emissions of RR Lyrae variables are the imprints of shock waves traveling through their atmospheres. We develop a pattern recognition algorithm, which is then applied to single-epoch spectra of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope survey. These two spectroscopic surveys covered ∼10,000 photometrically confirmed RR Lyrae stars. We discovered in total 127 RR Lyrae stars with blueshifted Balmer emission features, including 103 fundamental mode (RRab), 20 first-overtone (RRc), 3 double-mode (RRd), and 1 Blazhko-type (temporary classification for RR Lyrae stars with strong Blazhko modulation in the Catalina sky survey that cannot be characterized) RR Lyrae variable. This forms the largest database to date of the properties of hydrogen emission in RR Lyrae variables. Based on Zwicky Transient Facility DR5, we carried out a detailed light-curve analysis for the Blazhko-type RR Lyrae star with hydrogen emission of long-term modulations. We characterize the Blazhko-type RR Lyrae star as an RRab and point out a possible Blazhko period. Finally, we set up simulations on mock spectra to test the performance of our algorithm and on the real observational strategy to investigate the occurrence of the "first apparition."
© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
RR Lyrae variable stars - Shocks - Blazhko effect - Stellar atmospheres - Spectroscopy - Astronomy databases
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