Astron. J., 162, 86-86 (2021/September-0)
Spectroscopic observations of obscured populations in the inner Galaxy: 2MASS-GC02, Terzan 4, and the +200 km s–1 stellar peak.
KUNDER A., CRABB R.E., DEBATTISTA V.P., KOCH-HANSEN A.J. and HUHMANN B.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
The interpretation of potentially new and already known stellar structures located at low latitudes is hindered by the presence of dense gas and dust, as observations toward these sight lines are limited. We have identified Apache Point Observatory Galaxy Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) stars belonging to the low-latitude globular clusters 2MASS-GC02 and Terzan 4, presenting the first chemical element abundances of stars residing in these poorly studied clusters. As expected, the signature of multiple populations coexisting in these metal-rich clusters is evident. We redetermine the radial velocity of 2MASS-GC02 to be -87 ± 7 km s–1, finding that this cluster's heliocentric radial velocity is offset by more than 150 km s–1 from the literature value. We investigate a potentially new low-latitude stellar structure and a kiloparsec-scale nuclear disk (or ring) that has been put forward to explain a high-velocity (VGSR ∼ 200 km s–1) peak reported in several Galactic bulge fields based on the APOGEE commissioning observations. New radial velocities of field stars at (l, b) = (-6°,0 °) are presented and combined with the APOGEE observations at negative longitudes to carry out this search. Unfortunately no prominent -200 km s–1 peak at negative longitudes along the plane of the Milky Way are apparent, as predicted for the signature of a nuclear feature. The distances and Gaia EDR3 proper motions of the high-VGSR stars do not support the current models of stars on bar-supporting orbits as an explanation of the +200 km s–1 peak.
© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Galactic bulge - Globular star clusters - Galaxy kinematics - Proper motions - Milky Way formation
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