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2021AJ....161...87D - Astron. J., 161, 87-87 (2021/February-0)

Gaia-based isochronal, kinematic, and spatial analysis of the ε Cha Association.


Abstract (from CDS):

The precise parallax, proper motion, and photometric measurements contained in Gaia Data Release 2 (DR2) offer the opportunity to reexamine the membership and ages of nearby young moving groups (NYMGs), i.e., loose groups of stars of age <=100 Myr in the solar vicinity. Here, we analyze the available DR2 data for members and candidate members of the ε Cha Association (εCA) which, at an estimated age of ∼3-5 Myr, has previously been identified as among the youngest NYMGs. The several dozen confirmed members of εCA include MP Mus and T Cha, two of the nearest stars of roughly solar mass that are known to host primordial protoplanetary disks, and the Herbig Ae/Be star HD 104237A. We have used Gaia DR2 data to ascertain the Galactic positions and kinematics and color-magnitude diagram positions of εCA members and candidates so as to reassess their membership status and thereby refine estimates of the distance, age, multiplicity, and disk fraction of the group. Our analysis yields 36 bona fide εCA members, as well as 20 provisional members, including 3 new members identified here as comoving companions to previously known εCA stars. We determine a mean distance to εCA of 101.0 ± 4.6 pc and confirm that, at an age of 5–2+3 Myr, εCA represents the youngest stellar group within ∼100 pc of Earth. We identify several new photometric binary candidates, bringing the overall multiplicity fraction (MF) of εCA to 40%, intermediate between the MFs of young T associations and the field.

Abstract Copyright: © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Stellar associations - Pre-main sequence stars

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/AJ/161/87): table1.dat table3.dat table4.dat>

Simbad objects: 82

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