SIMBAD references

2021A&A...652A..64D - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 652A, 64-64 (2021/8-1)

The explosion of 9-29 M stars as Type II supernovae: Results from radiative-transfer modeling at one year after explosion.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present a set of nonlocal thermodynamic equilibrium steady-state calculations of radiative transfer for one-year-old TypeII supernovae (SNe) starting from state-of-the-art explosion models computed with detailed nucleosynthesis. This grid covers single-star progenitors with initial masses between 9 and 29 M, all evolved with the code KEPLER at solar metallicity and ignoring rotation. The [OI] λλ 6300, 6364 line flux generally grows with progenitor mass, and Hα exhibits an equally strong and opposite trend. The [CaII] λλ 7291, 7323 strength increases at low 56Ni mass, at low explosion energy, or with clumping. This CaII doublet, which forms primarily in the explosively produced Si/S zones, depends little on the progenitor mass but may strengthen if Ca+ dominates in the H-rich emitting zones or if Ca is abundant in the O-rich zones.Indeed, Si-O shell merging prior to core collapse may boost the CaII doublet at the expense of the OI doublet, and may thus mimic the metal line strengths of a lower-mass progenitor. We find that the 56Ni bubble effect has a weak impact, probably because it is too weak to induce much of an ionization shift in the various emitting zones. Our simulations compare favorably to observed SNeII, including SN 2008bk (e.g., the 9M model), SN 2012aw (12M model), SN 1987A (15M model), or SN 2015bs (25M model with no Si-O shell merging). SNeII with narrow lines and a low 56Ni mass are well matched by the weak explosion of 9-11M progenitors. The nebular-phase spectra of standard SNeII can be explained with progenitors in the mass range 12-15M, with one notable exception for SN 2015bs. In the intermediate mass range, these mass estimates may increase by a few M, with allowance for clumping of the O-rich material or CO molecular cooling.

Abstract Copyright: © L. Dessart et al. 2021

Journal keyword(s): radiative transfer - hydrodynamics - supernovae: general

Simbad objects: 14

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