SIMBAD references

2021A&A...651A..95T - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 651A, 95-95 (2021/7-1)

Infrared spectra of complex organic molecules in astronomically relevant ice matrices. III. Methyl formate and its tentative solid-state detection.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. Infrared spectroscopy of star and planet forming regions is at the dawn of a new age with the upcoming James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Its high resolution and unprecedented sensitivity allows us to probe the chemical complexity of planet forming regions, such as dense clouds, embedded protostars, and protoplanetary disks, both in the solid state and gas phase. In support of these observations, laboratory spectra are required to identify complex organic molecules in the ices that cover the dust grains in these regions.
Aims. This study aims to provide the necessary reference spectra to firmly detect methyl formate (HCOOCH3) in the different evolutionary stages of star and planet forming regions. Methyl formate is mixed in astronomically relevant matrices, and the peak positions, full width at half maximum, and relative band intensities are characterized for different temperatures to provide an analytical tool for astronomers.
Methods. Methyl formate was deposited at 15 Kelvin on a cryogenically cooled infrared transmissive window under high-vacuum conditions. Specifically, methyl formate was deposited pure and mixed with CO, H2CO, CH3OH, H2O, and CO:H2CO:CH3OH combined. The sample was linearly heated until all solid-state constituents were desorbed. Throughout the experiment, infrared spectra were acquired with a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer in the range from 4000 to 500cm–1 (2.5-20µm) at a spectral resolution of 0.5cm–1.
Results. We present the characterization of five solid-state methyl formate vibrational modes in pure and astronomically relevant ice matrices. The five selected vibrational modes, namely the C=O stretch (5.804µm), the C-O stretch (8.256µm), CH3 rocking (8.582µm), O-CH3 stretching (10.98µm), and OCO deformation (13.02µm), are best suited for a JWST identification of methyl formate. For each of these vibrational modes, and each of the mixtures the temperature versus spectra heatmaps, peak position versus full width at half maximum and relative band intensities are given. All spectra are publicly available on the Leiden Ice Database. Additionally, the acquired reference spectra of methyl formate are compared with archival Spitzer observations of HH 46. A tentative detection of methyl formate provides an upper limit to the column density of 1.7x1017cm–2, corresponding to an upper limit relative to water of ≤2.2% and ≤40% with respect to methanol.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2021

Journal keyword(s): astrochemistry - molecular data - methods: laboratory: molecular - methods: laboratory: solid state - techniques: spectroscopic

CDS comments: IRAS 15398 is probably IRAS 15398-3359

Simbad objects: 8

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